PLAN FOR COMBATING ANTIBIOTIC-R ESISTANT Table of Contents Slow the Emergence of Resistant Bacteria and Prevent the Spread of Resistant Strengthen National One-Health Surveillance Efforts to Combat Resistance . . .24 Advance Development and Use of Rapid and Innovative Diagnostic Tests for Identification and Characterization of Resistant Bacteria . . . . . . .36
Microsoft word - israel-for-16-to-27-march-2014.docxISRAEL BIRD REPORT for period 16 to 27 March 2014 By Joan and Paddy Heyland, members of The Northumberland and Tyneside Bird Club. Objectives: To observe raptor and passerine migration @ Eilat To observe resident birds. To increase life and Western Palearctic Tick Lists Birds in bold are new birds that we have been able to add to our personal WP and or Lifer list, as well as other notables seen.
Bird sites and areas in bold italics.
START OF BIRD REPORT
Saturday 15 March Train to Luton Parkway and overnight @ Hotel Ibis Sunday 16 March Morning flight from London ( Luton ) to Tel Aviv ( Ben Gurion ) with Easyjet. Overnight stay at the Hotel Sadot, Ben Gurion Airport.
Birds seen @ airport and surrounding area:
Spur Winged Lapwing, Collared, Laughing and Turtle doves, Rose ringed
Parakeet, Hooded Crow, Common Myna and House Sparrow.
Monday 17 March
Internal flight Tel Aviv to Eilat with Arkia airways and booked into the Crown
Plaza hotel at North Beach, Eilat .
A late afternoon stroll along North Beach produced a handsome Caspian Tern
offshore, a few White Eyed Gull and good numbers of Slender Billed Gull were
noted offshore and on the beach near the Jordanian border.
A pair of Common Kingfishers were perched on the banks of the sewage canal. In the resort area there abundant numbers of House Sparrow, Turtle and Collared Doves with attendant Laughing Dove, Feral Pigeon, Yellow Vented Bulbul,
Common Myna, ( Indian ) House Crow and Carrion Crow.
A tree with surrounding bushes and scrub in the play park held House and
Spanish Sparrow, an Eastern Orphean Warbler and Willow Warbler.
Back at the hotel we were lucky to be given a free upgrade to a top floor room. The balcony overlooks the Gulf of Aqaba, with clear views to Aqaba and Jordan to the left and the Eilat mountains to the right. Setting up the ‘scope on the balcony with cold beers in hand we gained distant views of raptors thermalling over the mountains. Too far to distinguish species but certainly the majority appeared to
be Steppe Buzzard. Confusing the hotel for a rock face, Three Rock Martins
hawked past our balcony and visited us every day in the mornings and evenings.
Tuesday 18 March
The International Eilat Birdwatching and Research Centre,( IBRCE ) Eilat.
Directions: The centre lies just north of the large desalination plant along Route
90 (Arava Highway). If travelling by car drive south until you see a large Brown
sign " Birdwatching". It can also be walked from the resort hotels by taking the track that runs along the eastern edge of the large desalination plant. The ‘Centre has International status and has been purposefully constructed to attract resident birds as well as migrants. It also has a ringing stations and
educational facility, staffed by resident wardens and overseas volunteers.
If Graceful Prinia is on your tick list, this is certainly the place to come. They
were by fat the common bird on the reserve itself. The reserve's internal pond
was pretty quiet, just a pair of Mallard, Little Egret and Great Cormorant, with
good numbers of squawking Spur Winged Lapwing . Lesser Whitethroat were
again in good numbers. We gained our first view of Blackstart from the walkway
and picked two more en-‐route. A small acacia on the western edge of the reserve
held a good number of Spanish Sparrows, one female Common Rosefinch and
one male Ortolan Bunting. Other notable birds seen on the reserve were
Palestine Sunbird, a male Bluethroat and a pair of Little Green Bee Eaters
One of the volunteer ringers directed us to the Raptor observation hide where Arabian Babbler had been seen that morning, we didn't seen any but did spot a
male Sand Partridge evidently searching and calling for a mate, on a nearby
The adjacent saltwater reservoir held large numbers of Black Winged Stilt, a few
Greater Flamingo, and four Spotted Redshank together with Common Redshank,
Greenshank, Wood Sandpiper and Pied Wagtail. Raptors continued to move
south over the Eilat Mountains to the west.
With closer views from the ‘Reserve, as ever the vast majority were Steppe
Buzzard together with a couple of Steppe Eagle.
A large flock of Slender billed Gull with Lesser Black backed Gull (Baltic race)
and Black-‐headed Gull were sleeping , loafing and generally doing nothing in the
midday heat on the saltpans adjacent to the reserve.
The Date Plantations and Cultivations between IBRCE and Eilat Resort.
Joan and I decided to walk back to the hotel along the tarmac road, passing the date plantation to see what birds were around. By now it was early afternoon and getting pretty hot.
The reward was good views of a pair of Marsh Harriers drifting overhead. On
the ground two Crested Lark, a further two Little Green Bee Eater on a
telegraph line were observed. Coming straight from the Northumbrian tundra,
the heat started to get to us, but the exercise did us good and merited a good
evening meal and drinks
Wednesday 19 March 2013.
Km 20; Reservoir, Plantation and Cultivations and Km31.
Directions: The key birding areas @ KM 19 and KM 20 can be accessed by driving
north to these checkpoints along the Arava Highway, though beware that the
sudden turn off can be a bit tricky if other traffic is following. It is much easier to
take the same turn to the IBRCE described from the road signs marked the " Yizhak Rabin Border Crossing" and "Birdwatching". Turn left at the first T Junction. Drive along a driveable narrow access road that runs parallel to the ‘Highway itself. The stench emanating from the cattle sheds will alert you that you have arrived at Km 19. A hire car is essential to get around. There is a bike route that circumvents Eilat but we had real problems finding a bike hire shop. When we did we realised that the price of bike hire was compatible with car hire. So we picked up a hire car in the morning and drove to the recommending birding areas around Km 20. As we drove slowly along the access track towards the KM 19 and 20 birding areas, a skylark was heard singing overhead. Stopped the car and looked up at the bird as it slowly rose in the air. First impression by its voice was that it was just an ordinary skylark, then noticed it's distinct buff brown underparts and slightly different jizz. A quick reference to Collins Bird Guide was necessary and then another long look at the bird, confirmed it as Oriental Skylark.
Turning right at the end of the access road we drove towards the two large
reservoirs @ KM 20.
The acacia trees bordering the plantation held up to four Arabian Warbler, with
good numbers of Lesser Whitethroat. At the end of track overlooking the reservoirs,
we noticed a lot of activity in a seemingly dead tamerisk bush. Six sparrows flew in
just as we were parking. First impressions were House Sparrow, but their size,
buffness, yellowish side markings and especially their smaller bills readily identified
them as Dead Sea Sparrow. A migrating Whinchat and two Little Green Bee
Eater was also observed in the same area.
The reservoirs themselves held good numbers of Greater Flamingo and Black
Winged Stilt, with Spotted and Common Redshank, Little Ringed Plover and
To end a memorable birding visit, we were treated to a fly past by a handsome male
Pallid Harrier, as we left the plantation heading back to the ‘Highway.
On to KM31 (aka Amrein Nature Reserve,) once noted as a key location place to see
desert species. Driving past the greenhouses etc to the desert edge and parking
carefully away from a row of active bee hives we searched the area. Unfortunately the
area is under agricultural development, even the reserve itself was been "sandscaped".
Our only reward was a large flock of Spanish Sparrow and a single Northern
Exiting the area we stopped by an area of burnt ground to look for Wheatears and just
about anything that may be about. A female Bluethroat hopped across the path into
nearby scrub. Joan then noticed a "weird looking Buzzard" sitting in one of the date
palms. A speedy consultation with Collins Bird Guide ensued, with further close
observations that confirmed it as Crested Honey Buzzard. Evidently, through later
confirmation from a ranger at the Bird Centre, a Crested Honey Buzzard has been in
resident in the area for at least the past two years.
Thursday 20 March 2014
Holland Park, Eilat Cemetery, Amram's Pillars and IBRCE.
Holland Park is located in the northern suburbs of Eilat, accessed by the Eilat by-pass
road. Recommended by previously read bird reports and local birders; it is a real gem
of a site, noted for local species and primarily as a stop site for small migrants.
The ‘park itself is contained and easily workable, containing a wide range of trees and
shrubs, with bike and 4 x 4 tracks leading off into the desert.
An early morning trip here produced an abundance of Lesser Whitethroat and Spanish
Sparrow. Good views were had of Eastern Bonelli's Warbler, three Blackstart,
Graceful Prinia, a pair of Scrub Warbler and a migrating Whinchat. The area
south of the entrance appeared to be a particularly good area for birds
Two Arabian Babbler's were spotted flying over the ridge and landing in a nearby
bush and a small party of Tristram's Starling made their presence known overhead.
A pair of Bonelli's Eagle were spotted flying high between the park and the base of
the Eilat mountains to the west.
After Holland Park we made the short trip along the bypass road to the cemetery, to
look for House Bunting. No sign of House Bunting. Just four Blackstart, several
Lesser Whitethroat and flocks of House and Spanish Sparrow were the only birds
The Amram Pillars rock formations can be accessed and are clearly signposted from
the Arava Highway. Follow the ston/gravel covered dirt track for circa 2 KM , then
take the signposted right fork
It was getting towards late morning by the time we arrived at the Amram's Pillars
rock formations. Principal reason being recent reports of Sinai Rosefinch observed by
the car park area. Some time spent here produced nothing. Only bird of note was a
single White Crowned Black Wheatear on a rock along the access road.
The ‘Pillars are spectacular rock formations and the sheer silence of the desert is a
well worth and never to be forgotten experience.
By whim we drove back to the road fork and took the left fork to She'horet Canyon,
looking for desert species. A pair of White Crowned Wheatears appeared to
"accompany" us along the way. The area is barren desert but after a couple of Kms at
the area marked " Campground" there are several acacia and tamarisk trees and
bushes and it was here that we really hit on the following species. A male Sand
Partridge with only one thing on its mind was seen chasing the female equivalent
around an acacia bush. The White Crowned Black Wheatears perched in the shade of
a tree, which also contained Blackstart and an Arabian Warbler. A scan of the small
cliffs that surround the campsite area finally produced a superb Desert Lark.
Two Hoopoe scrabbled around looking for some sort of shade from the midday sun
and a Steppe Eagle was observed wending its way north.
On our return the female Sand Partridge had by this time stopped running and seemed
barely able to walk. The male was in even worse condition, so exhausting in fact that
we nearly ran over it. That the path of true love is never smooth apparently applies to
birds as well as humans.
Back to the hotel for a shower, food, drink, change of clothes etc and general chill out
until the evening.
IBRCE Centre Revisit
We revisited the Bird Centre at about 5pm when the temperature had cooled. Again
numerous Black Winged Stilt dominated the pools, with large numbers of Slender
Billed Gull with a small numbers of Caspian Gull and White Eyed Gull were
roosting on the various dykes separating the salt ponds at the Desalination plant.
On the pond a single Red necked Pharalope was happily skitting around in typical
Pharalope fashion. Both Spotted and Common Redshank, Little Egret, Wood and
Common Sandpiper and a single Avocet were present.
Friday 21 March
Yotvata and Lotan Kibbutz
Yotvata is located @ the Km 50 marker on the Arava Highway.
Behind the visitor centre and holiday village are large areas of cultivated fields,
demarcated with tall acacia trees, bushes and scrub.
Large numbers of Yellow Vented Bulbul, Lesser Whitethroat, House and Spanish
Sparrow were present. Four White Stork and a Steppe Buzzard flew north. WE had
been given information that Bimaculated Lark had been seen around the onion and
melon fields. Quite a bit of time was spent searching for them, until Joan spotted two
in a acacia bush by one of the onions fields. Just further south by the kibbutz farm, a
small flock of Desert Finch flew into a crop field.
Up to six Ostrich were seen at the Hai Bar reserve to the south, easily observable
from the Arava Highway. They are part of a re-introduction programme, having
become or being made extinct in Israel in the 1920s, and are gradually being released,
together with other previously extinct desert mammals such as gazelle and deer.
Leaving the Yotvata reserve an Eastern Bonelli's Warbler was observed at close
range in a small acacia tree near the Holiday Park.
The Lotan Kibbutz is another noted birding spot just a few Kms north of Yotvata. The
Kibbutz is gated for security reasons but access is readily available and everyone we
met there were both very friendly and helpful. The Kibbutz itself is impressive, a
superbly designed and managed oasis in the midst of semi-arid desert. A oasis too for
We met some british birders, who were staying on the Kibbutz acting as volunteer
ringers who gave valuable information about recent sightings. If any reader is a
qualified ringer as well as birder this is definitely the place to come.
Resident birds seen around the Kibbutz gardens and cultivations included Little Green
Bee Eater, Hoopoe, Yellow Vented Bulbul, Lesser Whitethroat, House and Spanish
Sparrow, Blackstart, Arabian Warbler and Hoopoe. Migrants included Willow
Warbler, Chiffchaff and Blackcap. Raptor wise a pale form Black Kite soared
overhead. One of the ringers informed us that both a female Semi-Collared Flycatcher
Black Bush Robin had recently been trapped and ringed and were still loose
somewhere in the kibbutz gardens.
Taking great care not to intrude into people's gardens we finally caught up with the
Black Bush Robin in a bush by the swimming pool. Sadly though , no sign of the
Friday 21 March contd ( Evening )
KM 19 Reservoir
Following a recommendation from a dutch birder that the reservoir @ KM 19 was the
only reliable site to see Liechtenstein's Sandgrouse in the Eilat area, we ventured
forth to await their arrival at dusk.
As before, take the turn off the Arava highway signposted " Yizhak Rabin Border
Crossing" and the brown " Birdwatching" sign. After leaving the ‘ Highway make a
left turn at the T junction and drive north along the metalled track until you see the
large cowsheds to your right. Don't worry I can't miss them. Again your nose will tell
you that you are close!
Park at the end of the rough dirt track that runs adjacent to the cow sheds, under, or
by, a large single tree. Walk through the broken fence ( please take great care not to
step on any razor wire lying on the ground ).
The ideas is to be in position by sitting down on the pebbled embankment well before
dusk, so as not to disturb the target birds.
During our wait a newly arrived large migrant flock of Yellow Wagtail ( sp. Motacilla
flava feldeggi ) just a few feet from where we and other birders were patiently sitting.
Their intention to drink from a water outlet in the northeast corner of the reservoir
(point closest to the parking area ). The reservoir itself was full of birds; large
numbers of Coot with Mallard, Teal, Wigeon and Shoveler were reminders of any
pond back the UK. However, what was first taken on ‘jizz' to be a small group of
Tufted Duck morphed into a small number of Ferruginous Duck. Seven Egyptian
Geese sat on the embankment to our right and both Squacco Heron and Reef Egret
were present at the water's edge around the reservoir. Another birder called the
presence of A Barbary Falcon that flew over our head. We dipped on that sighting.
Don't you just hate it when that happens to you?. Other birds seen around the
reservoir were Citrine Wagtail, Common and Wood Sandpiper, Black Winged Stilt
and Sedge Warbler.
Not long after darkness fell one of the birders spotted the arrival of a pair of
Liechtenstein's Sandgrouse no more than 15 feet to the right of where we were
sitting. It was magical to watch them from such close range as they went down the
embankment to drink.
Note: From local knowledge, over time the numbers of Liechenstein's Sandgrouse
arriving to drink at the reservoir have fallen from large numbers of between 30 and
40 and sometimes more, to just half a dozen. But it is still well worth a visit here to
see this rare bird.
Saturday 22 March
Raptor Watching in Eilat Mountains, En Nephratim and Km 19 revisit
Raptor watching here is a lot easier than Gibraltar. For unlike the latter most raptors
here tend to migrate from collection stations on the Egyptian side of the northern
Sinai and follow a route north over a narrow stretch of the Eilat mountains.
Take route 12 that leads in a westerly direction out of Eilat ( signposted " Eilt
Mountains". Once into the mountains raptors will easily be seen to your left,
thermalling over the mountain ridges beyond.
We drove up to the ‘ High Mountain" view point at Mount Yoash located at circa Km
8 – 9, where a good group of birders were already on watch.
The sheer numbers coming over though the mountains and ravines will take your
breath away. Thermalling groups of plus or minus 100 birds were coming over every
10 to 15 minutes. This was just from our viewpoint because other ‘groups were also
seen lower down the overwhelming majority were Steppe Buzzard, which made it
easier to pick up other species. Small numbers of Black Stork joined the ‘ Buzzards
and occasional views of Steppe Eagle were seen. Other raptors seen were individual
Booted Eagle and Short Toed Eagle. Eastern Imperial Eagle and Griffon Vulture
had been seen earlier in the morning but we didn't see any.
Birds were clearly struggling against a prevailing strong northerly breeze coming off
the desert that did them no favours at all.
If you thought Gibraltar was good (and it usually is) just wait until you've been to
Eilat. The experience alone is worth the trip.
After a couple of hours raptor watching we drove further along Route 12 to En
Netaphim. The turn is just after an army checkpoint, overlooking the Egyptian border.
As Gosney et al state, the steep track down to the Nephratim spring is no place to
drive a hire car. We walked down the track to the view point in the valley (take water
is advisable !). The "spring" itself had apparently long since dried up. Just a large
bush and discoloured ground indicating the spot.
Down in the valley just one bird could be heard calling. By happy chance it turned out
to be a Blue Rock Thrush. Nothing else was seen or heard. By now getting towards
early afternoon the heat was bouncing off the rocks and we commenced a hot and
tiring walk back on the track. A single White Crowned Black Wheatear was seen en-
route. Then having nearly reached the top where our car was parked a pair of Brown
Necked Ravens called and displayed, so another life tick became a welcome reward
for a hot trek.
An afternoon chill out back at the hotel was followed by an early evening trip back to
KM 19. This time we checked all around the reservoir for additional birds. Birds seen
in addition to previous birds were; Little Grebe, Green Sandpiper, Red Rumped
Swallow, Marsh Harrier, Black Kite, Cattle Egret, Spotted Redshank and Grey
Final call of the day was another visit down the road to the KM20 reservoirs. The
large reservoir was now dominated by over 300 Greater Flamingo and large numbers
of Black Winged Stilt. Four species of plover were present , Spur-Winged,
Common, Little Ringed and Kentish Plover, in close proximity to one another at
the southern end of the large reservoir and two Little Stint at either end of the
reservoir. Two Blue cheeked Bee Eater were observed close to where we had parked
and we had a great close up views of a superb male Barbary Falcon over the
northern end of the reservoir. Three Red necked Pharalope were present, while
Gulls dominated the roosting bar in the middle of the large reservoir, the vast majority
Slender Billed Gull, with Black Headed Gull, a few White Eyed Gull and at least one
On the salty mudflats of the mainly dried up smaller reservoir to the south a large
party of Ruff were present, along with Common and Spotted Redshank and both
Common and Marsh Sandpiper.
Sunday 23 March
En Gedi, Dead Sea
We had decided in advance that a trip to the Dead Sea was a must. The round trip
from Eilat along Route 90 is about 350 miles but it was worth it. Once past Lotan, the
green cultivated land gives way to arid and semi-arid desert. No birds of note seen en-
route but a " comfort break" at a petrol station around the half-way mark produced a n
number of Pallid Swift and a party of Desert Finch.
We arrived at eh En Gedi Spa and parked the car. The spa building is surrounded by a
number of acacia trees and bushes, most of them full of resident and migrant birds.
Some Fan Tailed Raven landed near the car and further observationjs of the
surrounding vegetation revealed the presence of a handsome Eastern Bonelli's
Warbler, Blackstart, Robin, Common Myna and Willow Warbler. A small flock of
Tristram's Starling squaked and squabbled noisily by the main entrance.
We took the tractor train down to the Dead Sea and enjoyed the customary float in the
Dead Sea. Not only is it impossible to sink it's difficult to stand up! If you go there try
the free mudbath it does wonders for the skin!.
Back to the car after a shower and change and a flock of 24 White Stork were circling
over the Dead Sea as a number of migrant raptors slowly wended their way north over
the mountains tops.
Driving out of En Gedi on out way back a lone Isabelline Wheatear presented itself
on a rock just out of the resort area. A number of Rock Martin was also seen. Once
out of the Dead Sea area and back to sea level we took a slow drive with several stop
offs (traffic allowing) to scan the desert for more birds. It was in a area between
Tsofar and Tsukim that we finally found one of our main target species. A small flock
of six Sinai Rosefinch flew across the Highway and landed on rocks several feet
from the road. Tried hard to park the car for better views but by the time we had
managed to do that and avoid potential accidents, the Sinai Rosefinch had flown off.
These were the only sightings we had of Sinai Rosefinch we were to have all trip.
Nevertheless a wonderful find.
Monday 24 March
Revisits to Holland Park, Mount Yoash, Km 19, Birdwatching Centre and Yotvata
are ( North Circular Fields ).
An early morning trip and additional birds seen on this visit included a handsome
Long Legged Buzzard, and an Eastern Olivaceous Warbler.
Another raptor watch produced similar birds seen on our previous visit. A single
Short Toed Eagle being the only addition. The prevailing wind had eased, which
may have accounted for an even greater number of thermalling groups rising up from
the Sinai. There were a considerable number of birders further down the road towards
Eilat, who were getting even closer views. Information was that Imperial Eagle had
been seen earlier, but again we dipped on that bird.
Bird Centre and Km 19
On the saltpans and Bird Centre salt pond, birds included Temminck's Stint, Dunlin,
Little Ringed Plover, large numbers of Slender Billed and Black Headed Gull.
The road to KM 19 produced one Woodchat Shrike and a pair of Booted Eagle.
Following a previous day's sighting of Namaqua Dove, we ended our day's bird
watch in the Yotvata North Circular Field area. The rich planted vegetation and ready
water supply, courtesy of the adjacent Ecological Research Centre, is a proper magnet
for migrant and resident birds. A skulking Steppe Buzzard roosting in the midst of the
vegetation did little to persuade other birds to hang around, but we did catch sight of a
Spectacled Warbler, Blackstart and several Lesser Whitethroat. A pair of White
Stork drifted over and plonked themselves in a nearby cultivated field. No sign of
Tuesday 25 March 2014
Holland Park revisited
We had time to kill before taking the afternoon flight back to Tel Aviv then on to
Luton, so we decided to spend the morning in Holland Park where birders had
reported sighting migrating Sub-Alpine and Rueppel's Warbler.
A good scan of the area produced species already reported, with increased numbers of
Graceful Prinia and a further three Arabian Babbler in the southernmost corner of the
park. A Barn Swallow sat on a thorn bush so completely exhausted it never moved.
Not a good place to perch because raptors various regularly patrol the park area on the
look out for exhausted migrants. Hopefully the fact that it chose a thorn bush may
No sign whatever of either Sub-Alpine or Rueppel's Warblers. Walking northward
from the entrance we chanced upon a birding tour group; its leader helpfully pointed
us in the direction of a distinct red coloured bush where Rueppel's had been sighted.
Sure enough up to four Rueppel's Warbler were present, having a real ruck with
some Lesser WhiteThroat for territorial rights. No sign of the Sub-Alpine Warbler.
BIRD REPORT ENDS
Collins Bird Guide ,2nd Edition, Svensson et al
Usborne Spotter Guides " Birds of Prey", www.usborne.com
Finding Birds in Israel, Gosney, D, 2010
DVD Finding Birds in Israel, Gosney, D
Internet Sources www.
Thanks also to the friendly staff at the Eilat Birding Centre and Birders/Ringers at
Lotan Kibbutz, to the many fellow birders of many different nationalities for their
willingness to exchange information of current and recent sightings information and
finally to those who have posted bird reports on the ‘net over the years.
BIRD SPECIES IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER
Common: Abundant and easily seen or found
Fairly Common: Seen most days
Bold Type: our personal Life and or WP Ticklist.
Babbler, Arabian. At least four in Holland Park ( south end of park ). Two at IBRCE, one at En-Gedi Bee eater, Little Green. Bee eater, Blue Cheeked. Blackstart.
One @ IBRCE and one at Km31 Bulbul, Yellow Vented. Bunting, Ortolan. Buzzard, Crested Honey. One @ plantations at Km 31
Buzzard, Long legged.
One at Holland Park Buzzard, Steppe. Fairly common in single numbers on migration Large flock at Km19 reservoir Cormorant, Great. Crow, ( Indian ) House.
Duck, Ferruginous. Several at Km19 reservoir Eagle, Bonelli's two seen overhead near the Eilat mountains Fairly common ( possibly the same pair ?) Eagle, Short Toed. One seen on migration Eagle, Steppe.
Several seen on migration Falcon, Barbary. One male at KM20 reservoir Finch, Desert.
Yotvata and roadside en-route Dead Sea Flamingo, Greater. Large numbers @ KM20 and IBRCE res. Goose, Egyptian. Up to seven at KM19 reservoir Grebe, Black necked. Gull, "Baltic" (LBB) Gull, Blackheaded. Desalination plant Gull, Slender Billed. Pair area of Desalination plant Harrier, Pallid.
Single male at Km 20 Kingfisher, Common. One pair on sewage canal, North Beach Fairly common on migration and plantations Lapwing, Spur-Winged
Two at Yotvata in cultivations area Lark, Desert.
Two in desert en-route She-horet canyon ( re-introduced species ) at least six at Hai Bar res. Parakeet, Rose ringed. Partridge, Sand.
Fairly common (e.g. IBRCE and Holland Park) Pharalope, Red necked. One at IBRCE salt pond, two at KM20 res. Plover, Kentish. Plover, Little Ringed. Prinia, Graceful. Common (esp Holland Park and IBRCE ) Raven, Brown necked.
Two at En Nephratim and several in Dead Sea area Raven, Fantailed.
Several at En-Gedi spa Redshank, Common. Redshank, Spotted. Robin, Black Bush.
Rosefinch, Common. One female at IBRCE Rosefinch, Sinai.
Six in desert along Route 90 Sandgrouse, Liechtenstein's One pair at Km 19 Reservoir
KM20 (southernmost ) reservoir Sandpiper, Common. Fairly common on salt pans and or reservoirs Sandpiper, Green. Sandpiper, Marsh. Fairly common on salt pans and or reservoirs Shrike, Woodchat. One on Access road to plantations Skylark, Oriental.
Two seen over access road between Km 19 and 20 Sparrow Dead Sea.
Up to six at Km20 Sparrow, Spanish. Starling, Tristram's.
Holland Park and En-Gedi Stilt, Black-Winged. Two at Km 20 reservoir Stint, Temminck's One at salt desalination plant Fairly common in small numbers on migration Fairly common singly or in small numbers, plantations Sunbird, Palestine.
IBRCE and Holland Park Swallow, Red rumped. At least two seen at Eilat resort Desert road side en-route En Gedi Thrush, Blue Rock. One at En-Netaphim Wagtail Citrine. Small numbers at Km19 reservoir Wagtail, Yellow ( sp feldegg). Large flock at Km21 res watering hole Warbler, Arabian.
Locally fairly common ( eg Km 20 res access track) Warbler, Eastern Bonelli's. Fairly common Warbler, Eastern Olivaceous. Fairly common Warbler, Eastern Orphean. IBRCE and Holland park Warbler, Rueppell's. Warbler, Scrub.
Two in Holland Park Warbler, Spectacled. One at Yotvata North Circular field Wheatear, Isabelline. One seen in desert by roadside Wheatear, Northern. One at desert edge, Km 31 One in Holland park Wheatear, White Crowned, Black. Common.
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