Arm.co.za

Focus area
Efficient management of Electricity consumption on a 100% Electricity consumption (100% basis) (MWh)
resources including water basis increased 4% to 2 658 megawatt hours (MWh) (F2011: 2 550 MWh).
Water withdrawal on a 100% basis Water use (100% basis) (million m3)
increased 19% to 18.0 million m3 in F2012 (F2011: 15.1 million m3). However, a substantial quantity of the water withdrawal at Black Rock Mine is for the use of the local community.
Strategic review of climate The smelting operations were prioritised in F2012, as the major contributors to Group change risks, initiatives and carbon emissions.
approach. Formulation of a strategy and policy aligned with national legislation and the ICMM's climate change policy developments.
Setting performance The process to determine performance objectives and targets was implemented at the objectives and emission targets as well as integrating our climate change strategy throughout the business.
Further improving our We focused on improving data collection, specifically regarding energy which has enhanced environmental data our carbon footprint monitoring and reporting.
collection, monitoring and reporting systems.
A climate change strategy, policy and awareness training project Carbon emission reduction was initiated in F2011. This project is progressing well and includes and the potential financial a carbon management strategy and emissions reduction plan.
impact of the proposed Workshops on carbon strategy and climate change were conducted and follow-up training programmes have been were rolled out at a third Climate change impact on of our operations to date. This programme continues and includes water resources: risk of water scenario planning.
scarcity impeding our growth We submitted a report to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) for the plans and the physical risk third consecutive year.
of major storm events and ARM representatives attended COP17 in December 2011.
Sustainability Report 2012
Return water dams, Lubambe Copper Mine
ARM is committed to responsible environmental stewardship as a fundamental part of sustainable value creation. The direct financial incentive to reduce energy consumption in the face of rising electricity costs is obvious and the proposed carbon tax is a further incentive to reduce carbon emissions. By proactively establishing ourselves as a leader in environmentally aware mining and smelting, we can create a sustainable competitive advantage in the industry. But beyond cost and competitive considerations, environmental responsibility is a core part of ARM's commitment to zero harm and to upholding the principles of responsible mining as members of the ICMM.
The sound environmental stewardship practised at our operations reduces the risk of negatively affecting the communities around us, where many of our workers live. Our approach directly impacts on our relationships with Government, labour and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) which are crucial in maintaining our social licence to operate.
Our approach to the environmental sustainability is guided by:
Our values
ARM works responsibly and seeks to achieve a balance in managing the social, economic and environmental aspects of our business and creating value for our shareholders in a sustainable manner.
Principle 6 – Seek continual improvement of our environmental performance.
Principle 7 – Contribute to conservation of biodiversity and integrated approaches to land use planning.
NEMA and other
ARM's commitment to the environment stems from our values, rather than being driven by compliance. Legislation that affects our management of environmental issues includes the National Environmental Management Act (NEMA), the Environmental Conservation Act, the National Heritage Resources Act, the National Water Act, the National Environmental Management Air Quality Act and the National Environmental Management Waste Act.
Holding a mining licence under the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act imposes environmental obligations.
The Mining Charter sets social development goals across categories for the mining industry that include environmental management criteria.
The Carbon Disclosure Project challenges companies on behalf of investors to measure and report on their carbon emissions.
ARM was included in the JSE Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) Index for the fourth year.
Our material environmental issues Our approach to environmental Climate change: carbon emissions, water and The ARM Board, through the Social and Ethics Committee, has Our most material environmental issues are climate change and ultimate responsibility for Sustainable Development in the Group, resource management with energy use and water availability being including the crucial matters of environmental management and key concerns.
climate change. ARM's Social and Ethics Committee is tasked by the Board with achieving and maintaining world-class performance Climate change is a key input into our sustainable business strategy standards in safety, occupational health, the environment, TB, and risk management systems. We recognise its potential impact HIV & Aids and social investment. The Committee acts as a as an environmental, economic and social issue. Climate change champion for the entry of Historically Disadvantaged South has the potential to affect our business in many significant ways – Africans (HDSAs) to the mining industry, as prescribed by the through increased operating costs due to proposed carbon emis- Minerals and Petroleum Resources Development Act (MPRDA), sions tax, increasing energy and water costs, the direct physical and ensures compliance with the Mining Charter Scorecard issued impact of drought or flooding on our operations and the communities by Government.
around us, and increasing societal concerns about the Company's environmental performance.
The Executive: Sustainable Development implements the Group's approach to sustainable development under oversight from the The aspects of climate change that most influence our strategy are: Social and Ethics Committee and reports directly to the CEO. increasing regulation that will result in a future price on carbon She formulates and reviews relevant sustainable development- driving the need for a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions; related policies, strategies and targets and ensures these are reduced water availability as a result of a changing climate, aligned with the Board's commitment to zero tolerance to harm particularly for our operations located in the water stressed throughout the Group. The Executive: Sustainable Development regions of the Northern Cape. We need access to water to reports to the Management Risk Committee on matters and continue operating and expanding our mining and smelting activities related to climate change and carbon emissions as a operations in a sustainable manner; and standard agenda item.
increased extreme weather events causing shutdowns and lost production and revenue, particularly since ARM transports Divisional Safety, Health, Environment and Quality (SHEQ) Managers significant amounts of its product by rail and land over long in the Ferrous and Platinum Divisions assist with implementation of policy at a divisional and operational level.
ARM's main contributors of direct GHG emissions are our two Each operation has an environmental policy and strategy aligned smelters, Cato Ridge Works and Machadodorp Works. Other with the ARM sustainability policy and our commitment to responsible potential emissions from ARM's smelters include sulphur dioxides, environmental stewardship. All operations are ISO 14001 certified, nitrous oxides and total particulate matter emissions. These emissions except Two Rivers Platinum Mine and Modikwa Mine. ISO 14001 result from the smelting of ore, reductant processes in the arc certification was planned for these two operations in F2012, but furnaces and pelletising plants.
has been put on hold due to financial constraints. While not certified, their SHEQ systems are aligned with ISO 14001. ISO Other environmental issues we consider to be material are: 14001 certified operations undergo annual external environmental land management, which includes biodiversity conservation, management system and legal compliance audits. All operational rehabilitation and closure planning; SHEQ systems are regularly reviewed by internal audit and as environmental compliance – keeping up with new and changing part of the monthly reporting cycle.
legislation and ensuring that our operations are legally compliant as part of our commitment to excellent governance in the Group; Operational environmental management systems include identi- fica tion of the impacts of activities, mitigation plans and performance managing and minimising our waste streams.
monitoring. Quantified targets and objectives for environmental parameters are set operationally according to the operations' licences and permits.
As reported in the section on Transformation on page 82, ARM's mining operations reported their performance for the 2011 calendar year in terms of the requirements of the Mining Charter. The Mining Charter Scorecard contains environmental parameters which were also assessed and reported to the DMR by each of the mines.
Sustainability Report 2012
Mining Charter environmental requirements
How we meet these requirements
Implement environmental management systems that focus ARM's governance structures, policies and reporting framework on continuous improvement to review, prevent and or are designed to prevent and mitigate adverse environmental mitigate adverse environmental impact impacts and ensure regular and consistent reporting to the highest governance bodies Provide for the safe storage and disposal of residual waste Operations have integrated waste management plans with and process residues processes in place that ensure responsible monitoring and disposal of domestic, industrial and hazardous waste Undertake continuous rehabilitation on disturbed or We rehabilitate concurrently wherever possible. Independent occupied mine land in terms of regulatory commitments specialists calculate rehabilitation and closure cost estimates. Each operation has a Conservation Trust Fund to which Provide adequate resources to meet closure requirements annual contributions are made to ensure closure requirements are met Environmental performance is reported on quarterly, in specified support research and development of low GHG emission detail, at operational Executive SHEQ meetings chaired by Divisional technologies that are industry appropriate; and Executives and attended by corporate Divisional SHEQ Managers.
measure our progress and report results.
As part of ARM's combined assurance model, internal and external Our focus has been on getting a clear understanding of our operations' audits and assurance are regularly performed on adherence to our carbon dioxide emissions, expressed as the equivalent tonnes of environmental policies and procedures. External SHE audits are carbon dioxide (tCO e).
performed every second year on all ARM operations to identify potential liability to the Company, its Directors and management. ARM recognises that data collection, recording and reporting The most recent liability audits were performed in F2011 by systems need to be continuously improved to ensure reliable and independent specialists and appropriate action plans and non- comprehensive management of information and reporting. We conformances have been included in individual operations' non- have established our carbon footprint baseline and our confidence conformance management systems and are being tracked and in the quality of our data is steadily improving with our continuing reported on quarterly. The biggest risk area for compliance identified investment in data collection, related awareness and training by the audits was water management.
efforts and external assurance reviews.
Certain environmental sustainability indicators and policies are also Our focus is now on getting a clearer perspective on our carbon externally assured as part of our sustainability reporting process.
emissions performance and setting emission reduction targets based on the more efficient utilisation of energy. We are accordingly Environmental stakeholder engagement deriving a climate change strategy and policy, including a carbon management strategy and emissions reduction plan which will be Stakeholder and interested and affected party consultation and finalised during 2013.
dialogue takes place at operations as required, including through: interested and affected parties and community forums at all Divisional carbon strategy workshops were held during the year, operations (examples include the Gladdespruit Forum at facilitated by Environmental Resource Management (ERM). These Nkomati Mine, the Cato Ridge Monitoring Committee and the focused on understanding and prioritising climate change-related Machadodorp Community Forum); risk for the different operations, creating a shared vision of our public/open days at the operations (for instance at Khumani strategic climate change objectives and identifying possible emission reduction and energy efficiency projects. Training programmes formal public consultation processes, in accordance with the were rolled out at a third of our operations, focusing on awareness, Regulations of the National Environmental Management Act capacity building, reporting and improving performance. This (NEMA) when any activity listed in the Regulations is under- training will be further implemented across the rest of our operations taken that requires an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) along with a scenario planning project.
to be performed.
Representatives of ARM attended the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP17) in Durban in December 2011. Dr M M M Bakane-Tuoane, an Independent Non-Executive Director As a member of the International Council on Mining and Minerals of ARM, attended as a member of the South African Governmental (ICMM), ARM has agreed to comply with the principles for climate Delegation. Mr André Wilkens, the outgoing CEO at the time, change policy design recently published by the ICMM. This requires participated in an ICMM panel discussion on climate change and the mining industry, including Socio-Economic Development take responsibility for developing GHG emission reduction and logistical challenges such as the impact of rail and harbour strategies and implement economic reduction opportunities; ensure efficient use of natural resources; Measuring our carbon footprint The carbon footprint analysis documents the global warming ARM completed and submitted its third consecutive carbon footprint potential attributable to the release of GHG generated by our analysis of its operations for the financial year ending June 2011 business activities, giving us a better understanding of our to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP). This covered the Scope emissions profile and identifying opportunities for mitigating 1 and 2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the activities of emissions. This helps us demonstrate our commitment to being our Ferrous and Platinum Divisions.
a sustainable and environmentally conscious company to our customers, current and potential future shareholders, employees, Note: For CDP reporting, ARM submits data for the preceding suppliers and other stakeholders.
financial year, i.e. the March 2012 CDP submission contains results for F2011 (1 July 2010 to 30 June 2011) and the carbon The carbon footprint analysis was undertaken in accordance with footprint and emissions data presented in the 2011 report related the Greenhouse Gas Protocol – Corporate Standard (GHG Protocol), to F2010. This year we also present provisional F2012 information published by the World Resources Institute and World Business (1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012). While this information may change Council for Sustainable Development in March 2004. The GHG during revision and finalisation for the March 2013 CDP submission, Protocol distinguishes between various GHG accounting approaches no significant changes are expected.
in terms of organisational as well as operational aspects based on principles derived from financial accounting.
In previous reports, we disclosed our carbon footprint on a 100% basis (as if ARM owned 100% of the joint ventures). From this To ensure the highest level of accuracy and reliability, the data year we disclose our carbon footprint on an attributable basis – collection process complies with the most recent standards defined adding the operational carbon footprints in the proportion of our for environmental analyses in general. Accordingly, the data shareholding in the joint ventures.
collection process complies with the data quality requirements set out in ISO 14044 as well as the GRI G3 guidelines set by the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI).
GHG Reporting Protocol – Defining emissions Scopes 1, 2 & 324
Direct GHG emissions
Energy related
Other indirect
indirect GHG emissions
Direct GHG emissions occurring from sources that are owned or controlled the generation of purchased electricity, of the activities of the company, but occur by the company. These include, for heat or steam consumed by the company. from sources not owned or controlled example, emissions from combustion in owned or controlled boilers, furnaces indirect emissions that are not energy and vehicles, as well as emissions otherwise brought into the organisational related, and is typically an optional from chemical production in owned reporting category that allows for the or controlled process equipment.
emissions physically all occur at the treatment of all other indirect emissions. facility where the energy is generated.
the extraction and production of purchased materials, employee transportation in vehicles owned by the company, and the use of all the company's sold products and activities.
The above diagram, taken from the Carbon Disclosure Project 2010, illustrates the different types of GHG emissions that make up a company's total carbon footprint. These emissions can be categorised as Scope 1 (direct GHG emissions), Scope 2 (energy-related indirect GHG emissions) and Scope 3 (other indirect GHG emissions such as business travel, commuting transport and road and rail hauling of raw materials and products).
Sustainability Report 2012
Top-soiling and rehabilitation at Khumani
Dust monitoring at Khumani Iron Ore Mine
Iron Ore Mine
F2011 carbon footprint F2011 carbon footprint split
In total, ARM emitted 1.98 million tonnes of CO e for the F2011 reporting period (F2010: 1.55 mt CO e restated to an attributable basis). Scope 1 (direct emissions) amounted to 386 000 tCO e (19% of total), Scope 2 (indirect emissions) represented 1.2 million tCO e (61% of total) and Scope 3 (including business travel, commuting transport and logistics) contributed 393 000 tCO e or 20% of the total carbon footprint.
The largest contributors to our carbon footprint are the electricity consumption at Cato Ridge Works and Machadodorp Works, our two smelting operations, which together account for 53% of the F2011 full carbon footprint.
Carbon footprint (attributable basis) (tCO2e)
F2011 carbon footprint by operation
1 500 000 1 327 604
Machadodorp Works Scope 2 emissions, specifically electricity consumption, accounted for 61% of the F2011 carbon footprint. The next biggest contributor F2012 Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions –
nature of business (million tCO
was direct carbon emissions from the Group's smelting operations (Scope 1). Scope 3 emissions consist primarily of transport of ore and materials, by road, rail and ocean transport, together accounting for 19% of total carbon emissions.
F2011 carbon footprint by source/activity
Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions increased 9% to 1.74 million tCO e (F2011: 1.59 mtCO e) on an attributable basis. The smelters in the Ferrous Division accounted for 63% of F2012 Scope 1 and 2 F2012 Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions carbon emissions, with the Ferrous Division mines making up 13% and the Platinum mines 23%.
The continued improvement in our sustainable development data collection processes has meant from F2012, we can report on Absolute carbon emissions rise with an increase in activity, so we aspects of the current year's carbon footprint that have been also measure carbon emissions as an efficiency ratio against full prepared for disclosure in ARM's 2012 CDP submission. Our CDP time employees and per tonne produced or processed.
submission covers Scope 1 and 2 emissions on an attributable basis, so the F2012 information excludes Scope 3 emissions which F2012 Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions per
will be finalised and disclosed in the F2013 Sustainability Report.
tonne produced – Smelters (tCO2e) (tonne)
F2012 Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions (million tCO2e)
* Restated on an attributable basis. Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions per tonne of manganese alloy produced increased to 3.0 tCO e (F2011: 2.8 tCO e/tonne). Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions per tonne of charge chrome produced increased to 5.7 tCO e from 5.3 tCO e/tonne in F2011 on volume declines as Machadodorp converted more production to manganese.
Sustainability Report 2012
F2012 Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions per tonne
F2012 Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions
per full time employee (tCO2e)
(Full time employees) Iron ore (produced) Manganese ore (produced) Full time employees Scope 1 and 2 emissions per FTE Tonnes milled (PGMs) Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions per tonne of iron produced rose Scope 1 and 2 emissions per full time employee increased marginally to 0.022 tCO e (F2011: 0.021 tCO e/tonne) and carbon emissions (1.8%) to 279 tCO e in F2012 from 275 tCO e in F2011.
per tonne of manganese produced remained at 0.036 tCO e. The results are in line with increased activity at most operations, Carbon emissions per tonne milled at our two primary platinum especially in the Ferrous Division. Increased emissions from fuel mines, Modikwa and Two Rivers, rose slightly to 0.078 tCO e use (diesel) and the use of coal-based reductants such as coal, (F2011: 0.077 tCO e/tonne). char and coke used at the smelters, contributed significantly to increasing Scope 1 emissions from F2009.
Given that our carbon emissions collection processes have improved significantly since F2009 and now present a more complete picture Eskom (64.4%) contributes to almost two-thirds of source emissions.
of our carbon footprint, we are pleased that our carbon emissions The following graphic gives a regional overview of our F2011 per tonne have not increased significantly. The exception is iron carbon footprint including Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions on a 100% ore, where the full efficiency benefits of the ramp-up at Khumani basis. The bubble size indicates the relative emissions and the are expected to be evident in F2013. actual emissions in equivalent tonnes of CO (tCO e).
Two Rivers
Platinum Division sites
Ferrous Division sites
Black Rock
Cato Ridge
* bubble size indicates relative GHG emissions Note: F2011 Scopes 1,2 and 3 on a 100% basis
Electricity consumption by operations for F2012
Direct emissions are substances emitted from our smelters during (100% basis) (MWh) minerals processing and include carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, sulphurous oxide and particulate emissions. In F2012, direct emissions accounted for 21% of ARM's Scope 1 and 2 carbon offices 0.4
footprint. Our smelters continuously monitor air quality to ensure emissions are within the limits of their licences which are issued in terms of the National Environmental Management Air Quality Act.
Mine 182.7
The availability of air cleaning equipment at these operations is Dwarsrivier Mine monitored and regularly reported to local and provincial authorities as required by their licence conditions.
The increasing cost of energy and concerns about continuity of energy supply for the maintenance and expansion of our operations Works 825.1
are major sustainability issues for ARM. Not only does this threaten our cost competitiveness, it has real impacts on other critical aspects of our business. For example, a guaranteed continuous supply ARM Ferrous, trading as Assmang Limited (a joint venture with of electricity is required to operate mines safely in terms of the Assore Limited) is part of the Energy Intensive Users Association supply and distribution of fresh air through ventilation air pumps and developed an Energy Efficiency Charter which set targets for and the ability to access and exit underground operations.
energy efficient practices in F2010. A Group Electrical Engineer manages and guides energy efficiency practices.
As described earlier, energy consumption (reported as Scope 2 emissions which are indirect emissions from the generation of Our Ferrous Division set a target in F2009 to reduce peak electricity from fossil fuels) accounts for the most significant consumption by 10% by year 2012/2013. Energy audits identified contribution to the ARM GHG inventory. The two smelters, part a number of projects. Various initiatives have been implemented of the ARM Ferrous Division, account for approximately 60% of to improve energy efficiency to achieve this target, including: Group energy consumption and the seven mining operations for awareness training at Cato Ridge and Machadodorp on how the remaining 40%.
to conserve electricity; power factor correction and harmonics reduction; Electricity is used in furnaces at the smelters in the reduction and a policy to replace low voltage motors with energy efficient processing of ore. At our mines, electricity is used to power the mills that process ore, the extractor fans used for ventilation, the installation of heat pumps at change houses; pumps for dewatering, conveyor belts and elevator cages.
various energy efficiency processes such as use of briquettes Electricity consumption was 2 659 MWh on a 100% basis in (recycling of waste products back into furnace) on site as a F2012, a 4.3% increase on F2011 (2 548 MWh).
replacement ore and layer casting; process changes such as remelting of Skrot (scrap material) Electricity consumption (100% basis) (MWh)
in the smelter furnaces; replacing underground pneumatic drills with Hilti electric drills reduced demand for alloys in F2011 presented an opportunity to rebuild some of our furnaces to achieve better energy converting Machadodorp Works to ferromanganese production; z production teams at the smelters have energy efficiency as one of their key performance indicators.
We estimate these projects reduced annual carbon emissions by 41 680 tCO e in F2011.
Further initiatives currently being implemented or under investigation installation of variable speed drives on water coolers at Cato Platinum division Corporate Offices Ferrous smelters (% of total) replacing incandescent globes with compact fluorescent light (CFL) globes at all operations; energy efficient ventilation fans at underground operations; solar water heating in change houses and company houses; co-generation projects at both smelters.
Sustainability Report 2012
By implementing these projects, the Ferrous Division is aiming The use of petrol is limited to a few company cars and is considered to exceed its F2009 target and improve energy efficiency by approximately 15% by the end of 2013.
Diesel consumption by operations for F2012 (100% basis) (000 litres)
Ferrous division – electricity consumption
(100% basis) (MWh)
Machadodorp Works Platinum Mine 3 851
Water managementWater availability, consumption and pollution are key risks for Electricity consumption in the Ferrous Division increased 3% in ARM. As a water-intensive business, ARM realises that much F2012 to 1 934 MWh (F2011: 1 875 MWh) against a 31% increase of the impact of climate change will be felt through changing in tonnes produced.
patterns of water availability. These changing patterns will determine our ability to continue and expand our mining and smelting operations Energy efficiency improvement targets are being developed for sustainably, while climate change impacts on water, such as major the Platinum Division.
storm events pose physical risk of flooding and damage to assets.
The availability of water is a key consideration when we plan the expansion or construction of an operation. Given water scarcity Diesel used for loading, hauling and logistics at our operations issues at most of our operations, we aim to use water as efficiently contributes to our Scope 3 emissions. Nkomati Mine and Khumani as possible by recycling and avoiding any negative impacts on Mine are both expanding, large open pit mines where transporting water quality in the environments in which we operate.
of run-of-mine material requires hauling over several kilometres and together account for the majority of fuel used.
Water is used extensively in mining and minerals processing operations, for milling and beneficiation as well as cooling. It is Diesel consumption increased 31% to 96.4 million litres in also used for dust suppression during blasting, on haul roads and F2012 (F2011: 73.6 million litres). The large increase is due to at transfer points. Managing dust levels is an important health ore hauling increases at three open pit mines where production consideration, as discussed in the Occupational Health and Safety increased significantly, namely Beeshoek Mine (production section of this report. doubled), Khumani Mine (production increased 43%) and Nkomati (production increased 39%).
Water balances are used to manage and optimise water use at our operations. We monitor water quality to assess our impact on Efficiency of diesel use will be addressed as part of our climate the receiving environment, to check our compliance to licence change strategic process.
conditions and as a warning indicator for immediate action in the event that pollution occurs. This includes aquifer level monitoring, Diesel consumption by division (100% basis) (000 litres)
groundwater and surface water sampling and biomonitoring of riverine environments. Our operations run closed circuit water systems as far as possible in order to minimise discharge into the environment.
In line with the terms of their Integrated Water Use Licences (IWUL), our operations extract water from rivers, boreholes and from municipal sources. Our operations engage with the Department of Water Affairs, local communities, local authorities, irrigation boards, catchment management agencies and other industry users to ensure the sustainability of water resources for all stakeholders.
In F2010 we reported that Cato Ridge Works was addressing legacy issues related to groundwater contamination and historically con- taminated land, which impacted on groundwater. The "environmental road map" which was submitted to the (then) Department of Platinum Division Environment and Tourism following an audit by the Green Scorpions, has been implemented. During F2012 the Cato Ridge smelter was again audited by the Green Scorpions with no major Environmental compliance findings raised.
In line with ARM's commitment to the highest standards of governance across our business, we commit significant resources to ensuring Last year we stated our intention to participate in the CDP water that we comply with all regulations that apply to our operations. disclosure project in the current reporting cycle, but this has not Environmental management activities include monitoring the status been possible.
of Environmental Management Plan Reports, water use licence applications and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs).
Water consumption by division (100% basis) (m3 million)
During the year under review, Modikwa Mine received a notice of intent to deliver a directive in terms of Section 31 of the National Environmental Management Act (NEMA). The notice alleged illegal construction without an approved environmental impact assess- ment and related to construction of a new sewage treatment plant. Modikwa Mine submitted application under Section 24g of NEMA, made representations and explained the actions as a remedy to the current unstable and old facility and is in discussions with authorities to resolve the issue. The directive has not been issued and all work is on hold until an approved EIA has been received.
Black Rock Mine has outgrown its original Environmental Man- agement Programme Report (EMPR) and is in the process of amending it to reflect the current realities of the operation. The mine is following the prescribed process for amending its EMPR, which Platinum Division involves extensive stakeholder consultation.
In last year's report, we identified a potential impact on underground water reserves at Beeshoek Mine and Khumani Mine should Water consumption by operations for 2012
expansion continue. The concern at Khumani Mine has diminished (100% basis) (m3 million) due to dewatering at a neighbouring mine which has reduced water levels in the mine. Dewatering to open the Village open pit at Beeshoek Mine in the next few years will affect underground Machadodorp Works water reserves and this impact will be carefully monitored and managed. Land use management: Rehabilitation ARM's mines rehabilitate concurrently with ongoing operations wherever possible. We plan carefully, manage and invest our resources to ensure that mine areas are rehabilitated and restored To make sure rehabilitation and closure costs are adequately provided for, each operation has a Conservation Trust responsible for facilitating annual comprehensive closure and rehabilitation assessments. Trustees meet quarterly and one of their main Water withdrawal increased 19% to 18 million litres in F2012 responsibilities is to ensure that an adequate annual contribution (F2011: 15.1 million litres). Most of the increase came from is made to each Trust to fund future rehabilitation and closure costs.
the Ferrous Division where Beeshoek Mine and Khumani Mine increased their withdrawal significantly. Beeshoek Mine, which Each operation appoints independent specialists to assess the accounted for more than half of the increase, supplies water to status and to perform cost estimations of rehabilitation and closure the surrounding communities, so only a small portion of the water requirements in line with individual EMPR closure commitments withdrawn is used for mining activities.
and the requirements of the applicable legislation. These reports are submitted to the Trustees and the Department of Mineral Unwanted effluent/water discharges occurred at Black Rock Mine, Resources. Once approved, provisions are made in the various Nkomati Mine and Modikwa Mine during the year. The total volume Trust Funds.
discharged in these incidents represents approximately 3% of total water withdrawn. All such spills are reported to the authorities, The rehabilitation and closure provision table on the next page sets sampled and managed in accordance with the conditions of our out independently estimated costs of closure of ARM's mines on a water use licences.
100% basis (as if ARM owned 100% of the joint ventures). Total estimated closure cost across the Ferrous and Platinum Divisions is R753 million – the estimated cost of closing the mines and restoring the sites to an agreed land end use or state as per the conditions in the environmental management programmes.
Sustainability Report 2012
This year's contribution of R17.6 million brings the estimated Trust Fund balance to R209.3 million at year end. Guarantees represent bank facilities available. The total funds including guarantees are R720 million, representing a shortfall of R32.5 million if the mines were all to immediately cease operation at year end.
This shortfall will be taken up by future annual contributions that will take place over the remaining life of the mines.
In some operations total reserves and guarantees exceed calculated closure and rehabilitation costs in keeping with ARM's precautionary approach.
Shortfalls at individual operations represent a relatively small value compared to the assets at the operations and the annual cash flows they generate. Closure costs tend to be highest in the early stages of a mine, or during expansion phases, when most of the disturbance occurs. We consider the impact of our operations on local landscapes across the life-cycle of a site, from initial exploration to decommissioning and closure.
Rehabilitation and closure provision F2012
closure cost
fund balance
30 June 2012
contribution 30 June 2012
84 699 705
63 835 757
38 389 295
211 856 071
28 542 167
187 031 706
75 746 433
76 133 455
45 112 280
78 480 163
17 756 820
46 535 375
41 472 283
11 536 338
33 673 253
35 905 000
27 376 211
76 526 865
52 055 629
103 126 229
13 091 744
98 064 610
752 925 029
17 608 039
209 287 974
511 143 905
720 431 879 (543 637 055) ARM takes full responsibility for minimising the waste generated Biodiversity management by its operations and manages waste at business unit level through Biodiversity management is essential at mining operations to help operational integrated waste management plans. Waste typically mitigate climate change and to live up to our environmental values. comprises industrial waste such as slag, waste rock and tailings, Our operations are at various stages of drafting and implementing as well as domestic waste and hazardous waste. Domestic waste Biodiversity Action Plans and biodiversity monitoring programmes.
is disposed of in municipal landfill sites while hazardous waste is disposed of by specialist contractors in approved facilities.
We conduct various studies at different points in our operations: z Baseline biodiversity and landscape function studies during the ARM operations produced 444 251 tonnes of slag, 71.5 million feasibility or exploration phase of a project to address runoff m3 of waste rock and 15.6 million tonnes of tailings during F2012. prevention, soil quality and landscape maintenance issues such Each operation implements initiatives to reduce waste according as soil erosion. They also establish the existing conditions of to the prevailing circumstances at each operation. These include biodiversity and landscape functions (e.g. soil erosion control recycling materials, for instance oil at Nkomati Mine and Black and watershed management).
Rock Mine, and scrap metal at Beeshoek Mine.
z Environmental risk assessments for new operations and for major changes to existing operations. These assess ments build on the baseline studies to identify the potential impacts of There were two significant spills during F2012. Five hundred litres the proposed activities that could be a risk to bio diversity and of diesel were spilled at Machadodorp Works during transferal landscape functions. They also identify the standards that need from the delivery vehicle. The spill was cleaned up and the area to be applied or used as benchmarks, and opportunities for rehabilitated the same day. Three separate pipeline leakages at Modikwa Mine resulted in an estimated 5 000 tonnes of tailings Four of our operations: Two Rivers Platinum Mine, Dwarsrivier Mine, suspended in water being spilled. Spillages were cleaned up Machadodorp Works and Cato Ridge Works are in close proximity immediately and did not threaten the surrounds.
to sensitive areas. Biodiversity studies have been completed at all operations and Biodiversity Action Plans are in place and being implemented.
The table below provides a summary of biodiversity activities at our various operations.
Overview of biodiversity Is the operation
in close
proximity to
area of high

biodiversity or
Details of red data or protected species
Status of Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP)
Strategies for addressing impact
ARM Platinum
Modikwa Mine
734 hectares were
Protected: Aloe cryptopoda, Aloe fosteri, Balanites maughamii,
BAP has been completed.
Following agreement between the mine and land owners/trust on disturbed and are Elaeodendron transvaalensis, Sclerocarya birrea subsp. Africana As a requirement in terms of the guideline, Modikwa the BAP, a Biodiversity Implementation Plan and survey will be not yet rehabilitated.
has to engage the community/landowner to agree Endemic: Aloe fosteri, Euclea sekhukhuniensis, Rhoicissus
on the conservation principles and actions prior to the sekhukhuniensis, Rhoicissus spes.nov, Rhus batophylia, implementation of any of the proposed strategies. Following Rhus sekhukhuniensis agreement, the BAP will be implemented.
Lower risk – near threatened: Jamesbrittenia macrantha
Rare: Rhus sekhukhuniensis
Vulnerable: Pavetta zeyheri, Rhus batophylia
Fauna species: Manis temminckii, Rhinolophus blasii,
Gyps coprotheres, Polemaetus belicosus, Python natalensis
Two Rivers Platinum Mine
180 hectares were
Priority red data plants: Gladiolus sp.nov, Resnova sp.aff.
BAP has been completed and implementation is underway The mine licensed area is divided into biodiversity units or blocks disturbed and are megaphylla, Zantedeschia pentlandi while protected fauna are – the mine is divided into five biodiversity units wherein two (i.e. mountain slopes and plateaus, riparian, plains, current mining not yet rehabilitated.
cicada (Pycna Sylvia), Dromica honesta of the five units are no-go areas (that is, the slopes and the area, proposed mining area) wherein there are areas earmarked Other conservations: Important invertebrates confirmed during field
plateau), two for moderate land use whilst one (plains) are for intensive land use development, and moderate and no-go were resettled in work are scorpion species such as Hadogenes polytrichobothrius
for intensive land use.
areas for conservation purposes.
(flat rock scorpion), Opistophthalmus gladfifrons, Parabuthus An environmental control site bearing similar ecological features Centre for Plant transvaalicus, Uroplectes triangulifer and Pseudolychas. A newly to the proposed open cast site is identified and is being monitored described protected mite species called Zambedania sp.n
at the north part of the property adjacent to the proposed north (Heterostigmae) associated with a certain spider species (inhabiting open-cast area.
under round shaped stones that are fairly deeply buried up to 1/3 or 1/2 Another environmental control site with ecological characteristics of their depth) called Harpactrella flavipilosa similar to the proposed South Opencast mining area has been Ant species confirmed and potentially undescribed, collected identified and a baseline assessment survey is currently underway during the invertebrate survey, include undescribed Tetramonium, on both the proposed South Opencast mining area and the undescribed Camponotus, undescribed Anilomyrma, possible control site.
undescribed Meranoplus, possibly undescribed Aenictus Hence, there are in total four areas on which terrestrial The property is dominated by thick leafed plants, most of which invertebrate assessment surveys are currently and continuously only occur in the Sekhukhuneland Centre for Plant Endemism conducted – namely: (area of ecological importance within which Two Rivers is located). 1. the proposed North Open Pit mining area; Woodlands dominant within the property are: 2. the proposed North Open environmental control site; – Lydenburgia-Euclea Open Woodland – within which the protected 3. the proposed South Open Pit mining area; and Lydenburgia cassinoides plant specimens are dominant; 4. the proposed South Open Pit environmental control site.
– Sclerocarya – Bolusanthus Open Woodland within which The terrestrial invertebrate baseline assessment surveys are done Sclerocarya birrea subsop.caffra (Marula tree) is dominant; to complement the fauna part of the existing Biodiversity Baseline – Combretum erythphyllum Riverine Woodland within which Assessment Survey – to ensure that it becomes comprehensive Combretum specimens are dominant; and and cross-cutting from flora and fauna components of the – Phragmites – Imprerata Marsh wherein Phragmites species terrestrial ecology of the mine's ecosystem.
are dominant.
Nkomati Mine
No red data species.
In terms of the BAP, priority actions completed and in Integration into local municipal policy and plans as well as relevant were disturbed and progress, include: Spatial Development Plans; integration into existing Group policy not yet rehabilitated.
– installation of four 1.2 metre diameter concrete pipes and management systems, including the Biodiversity and Land to ensure free flow of water and to minimise the build-up Management Plan, Closure Plan and Environmental Management were resettled in of silt at the haul road crossing is complete; Plan; identification and liaison with stakeholders and neighbouring – a continuous program for removal of alien invasive plants properties especially with respect to weed/invader and erosion control action plans; post closure land use; and available budget – rehabilitation of a designated waste rock area is in and manpower for implementation, management and maintenance.
In terms of water management, a geo-hydrological model and update of the surface water management plan and water balance are on track for completion early in 2013.
Sustainability Report 2012
The table below provides a summary of biodiversity activities at our various operations.
Overview of biodiversity Is the operation
in close
proximity to
area of high

biodiversity or
Details of red data or protected species
Status of Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP)
Strategies for addressing impact
ARM Platinum
Modikwa Mine
734 hectares were
Protected: Aloe cryptopoda, Aloe fosteri, Balanites maughamii,
BAP has been completed.
Following agreement between the mine and land owners/trust on disturbed and are Elaeodendron transvaalensis, Sclerocarya birrea subsp. Africana As a requirement in terms of the guideline, Modikwa the BAP, a Biodiversity Implementation Plan and survey will be not yet rehabilitated.
has to engage the community/landowner to agree Endemic: Aloe fosteri, Euclea sekhukhuniensis, Rhoicissus
on the conservation principles and actions prior to the sekhukhuniensis, Rhoicissus spes.nov, Rhus batophylia, implementation of any of the proposed strategies. Following Rhus sekhukhuniensis agreement, the BAP will be implemented.
Lower risk – near threatened: Jamesbrittenia macrantha
Rare: Rhus sekhukhuniensis
Vulnerable: Pavetta zeyheri, Rhus batophylia
Fauna species: Manis temminckii, Rhinolophus blasii,
Gyps coprotheres, Polemaetus belicosus, Python natalensis
Two Rivers Platinum Mine
180 hectares were
Priority red data plants: Gladiolus sp.nov, Resnova sp.aff.
BAP has been completed and implementation is underway The mine licensed area is divided into biodiversity units or blocks disturbed and are megaphylla, Zantedeschia pentlandi while protected fauna are – the mine is divided into five biodiversity units wherein two (i.e. mountain slopes and plateaus, riparian, plains, current mining not yet rehabilitated.
cicada (Pycna Sylvia), Dromica honesta of the five units are no-go areas (that is, the slopes and the area, proposed mining area) wherein there are areas earmarked Other conservations: Important invertebrates confirmed during field
plateau), two for moderate land use whilst one (plains) are for intensive land use development, and moderate and no-go were resettled in work are scorpion species such as Hadogenes polytrichobothrius
for intensive land use.
areas for conservation purposes.
(flat rock scorpion), Opistophthalmus gladfifrons, Parabuthus An environmental control site bearing similar ecological features Centre for Plant transvaalicus, Uroplectes triangulifer and Pseudolychas. A newly to the proposed open cast site is identified and is being monitored described protected mite species called Zambedania sp.n
at the north part of the property adjacent to the proposed north (Heterostigmae) associated with a certain spider species (inhabiting open-cast area.
under round shaped stones that are fairly deeply buried up to 1/3 or 1/2 Another environmental control site with ecological characteristics of their depth) called Harpactrella flavipilosa similar to the proposed South Opencast mining area has been Ant species confirmed and potentially undescribed, collected identified and a baseline assessment survey is currently underway during the invertebrate survey, include undescribed Tetramonium, on both the proposed South Opencast mining area and the undescribed Camponotus, undescribed Anilomyrma, possible control site.
undescribed Meranoplus, possibly undescribed Aenictus Hence, there are in total four areas on which terrestrial The property is dominated by thick leafed plants, most of which invertebrate assessment surveys are currently and continuously only occur in the Sekhukhuneland Centre for Plant Endemism conducted – namely: (area of ecological importance within which Two Rivers is located). 1. the proposed North Open Pit mining area; Woodlands dominant within the property are: 2. the proposed North Open environmental control site; – Lydenburgia-Euclea Open Woodland – within which the protected 3. the proposed South Open Pit mining area; and Lydenburgia cassinoides plant specimens are dominant; 4. the proposed South Open Pit environmental control site.
– Sclerocarya – Bolusanthus Open Woodland within which The terrestrial invertebrate baseline assessment surveys are done Sclerocarya birrea subsop.caffra (Marula tree) is dominant; to complement the fauna part of the existing Biodiversity Baseline – Combretum erythphyllum Riverine Woodland within which Assessment Survey – to ensure that it becomes comprehensive Combretum specimens are dominant; and and cross-cutting from flora and fauna components of the – Phragmites – Imprerata Marsh wherein Phragmites species terrestrial ecology of the mine's ecosystem.
are dominant.
Nkomati Mine
No red data species.
In terms of the BAP, priority actions completed and in Integration into local municipal policy and plans as well as relevant were disturbed and progress, include: Spatial Development Plans; integration into existing Group policy not yet rehabilitated.
– installation of four 1.2 metre diameter concrete pipes and management systems, including the Biodiversity and Land to ensure free flow of water and to minimise the build-up Management Plan, Closure Plan and Environmental Management were resettled in of silt at the haul road crossing is complete; Plan; identification and liaison with stakeholders and neighbouring – a continuous program for removal of alien invasive plants properties especially with respect to weed/invader and erosion control action plans; post closure land use; and available budget – rehabilitation of a designated waste rock area is in and manpower for implementation, management and maintenance.
In terms of water management, a geo-hydrological model and update of the surface water management plan and water balance are on track for completion early in 2013.
Overview of biodiversity continued Is the operation in
close proximity to
area of high

biodiversity or
Details of red data or protected species
Status of Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP)
Strategies for addressing impact
ARM Ferrous
980 hectares disturbed and not Seven endemic and near-endemic plant species The BAP process will be started in 2013. Continuous monitoring of impacted areas. Off-set and relocation yet rehabilitated. The increase in identified. Various aloes, boscia trees and camel A permit for the road diversion for the Village Pit operations of plants in terms of the road diversion has been completed. disturbed land is due to the road thorn trees.
has been received, which specifies a number of identified For the Village Pit mining area, an off-set area and relocation diversion for the planned Village species which have to be relocated according to permit plan for protected species is currently being negotiated with specifications in areas that will be disturbed during mining Authorities and stakeholders. No communities were resettled.
of the planned Village Open Pit. Khumani Mine
1680 hectares disturbed and Harpagophytum procumbens, Hoodia gordonii Being finalised.
Impact managed in terms of commitments of the EMP. Plants not yet rehabilitated.
Acacia eriloba, Acacia haematoxylon, Aloe removed before mining. Consultation regarding a biodiversity Significant increase in land grandidentata, Aloe claviflora, Aloe hereroensis off-set area is still ongoing.
disturbed due to the Ammocharis coranica, Anacampseros cf. subnuda development of the King Babiana hypogaea, Boscia albitrunca, Boophane disticha, Crinum bulbispermum, Fockea angustifolia, No communities were resettled Huerniopsis decipiens, Lithops aucampiae ssp.; AucampiaeMestoklema arboriforme, Nerine laticoma, Orbeopsis lutea and Stapelia olivacea.
Black Rock Mine
1 450 hectares disturbed and Camel Thorn (Acacia Erioloba), Grey camel thorn Completed as part of the EIA and EMP amendment process An agreement has been reached with the DMR in terms of not yet rehabilitated.
(Acacia Haematoxylon), Shepherd's tree (Boscia for the planned Expansion Project.
a financial contribution towards nature conservation in lieu No communities were resettled albitrunca), Karoo lily (Ammocaris coranica) and Devil's of an off-set area.
claw (Harpagophytum procumbens). The only threatened mammal species found is bats.
164 hectares disturbed and Yes. The mine is Sekhukhune Bushman's Tea, Blue Shield Fruit, Marula The BAP is being implemented through the establishment of not yet rehabilitated. The small located within the and Shepherd Trees.
a game conservation park within the property, which is on track increase in disturbed land and fencing of the area has been completed.
reflects the development of Centre for Plant the North Shaft and the newly constructed tailings dam.
No communities were resettled 20 hectares disturbed and not Yes. The smelter is The biodiversity action plan was completed in 2011. Implementation of the BAP is in progress. Contaminated land yet rehabilitated.
within the proposed Implementation of the recommendations from the report assessment as per the requirements of the Waste Act and closure No additional land disturbed Lydenburg Centre is on-going. The progress is measured through external and rehabilitation plan, has been completed and the findings have during 2012. However, following monitoring and auditing.
been incorporated into the biodiversity plan. a detailed contaminated land The monitoring and auditing plan has been completed. The first assessment, an additional round or monitoring was undertaken and the results indicate 122 hectares has been a positive change in the floral biodiversity status.
reclassified as ‘disturbed', An alien and invader management plan has been developed bringing the total disturbed land and implemented.
to 142 hectares.
Planned projects include the development of landscaping No communities were resettled development plans and an erosion status assessment planned for 2013/2014. Focus is also being placed on land management and grazing utilization.
Cato Ridge Works
86 hectares disturbed and not
Yes. The new access Yes.
yet rehabilitated.
road l disturbed A biodiversity study which was undertaken, indicated contaminated land assessment as per the requirements of the The increase in disturbed land is approximately that none of the red data species which could impact to the Ngonigoni grassland would be caused due to due to the new slag dump, dust potentially occur in the Region, actually occur on site. historic and current disturbance by activities such as cattle and slurry facility, new are storage protected Ngonigoni grazing. A memorandum of agreement was signed between area and new access road. grasslands, which is No communities were resettled south and southeast of the operations.
Sustainability Report 2012
Overview of biodiversity continued Is the operation in
close proximity to
area of high

biodiversity or
Details of red data or protected species
Status of Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP)
Strategies for addressing impact
ARM Ferrous
980 hectares disturbed and not Seven endemic and near-endemic plant species The BAP process will be started in 2013. Continuous monitoring of impacted areas. Off-set and relocation yet rehabilitated. The increase in identified. Various aloes, boscia trees and camel A permit for the road diversion for the Village Pit operations of plants in terms of the road diversion has been completed. disturbed land is due to the road thorn trees.
has been received, which specifies a number of identified For the Village Pit mining area, an off-set area and relocation diversion for the planned Village species which have to be relocated according to permit plan for protected species is currently being negotiated with specifications in areas that will be disturbed during mining Authorities and stakeholders. No communities were resettled.
of the planned Village Open Pit. Khumani Mine
1680 hectares disturbed and Harpagophytum procumbens, Hoodia gordonii Being finalised.
Impact managed in terms of commitments of the EMP. Plants not yet rehabilitated.
Acacia eriloba, Acacia haematoxylon, Aloe removed before mining. Consultation regarding a biodiversity Significant increase in land grandidentata, Aloe claviflora, Aloe hereroensis off-set area is still ongoing.
disturbed due to the Ammocharis coranica, Anacampseros cf. subnuda development of the King Babiana hypogaea, Boscia albitrunca, Boophane disticha, Crinum bulbispermum, Fockea angustifolia, No communities were resettled Huerniopsis decipiens, Lithops aucampiae ssp.; AucampiaeMestoklema arboriforme, Nerine laticoma, Orbeopsis lutea and Stapelia olivacea.
Black Rock Mine
1 450 hectares disturbed and Camel Thorn (Acacia Erioloba), Grey camel thorn Completed as part of the EIA and EMP amendment process An agreement has been reached with the DMR in terms of not yet rehabilitated.
(Acacia Haematoxylon), Shepherd's tree (Boscia for the planned Expansion Project.
a financial contribution towards nature conservation in lieu No communities were resettled albitrunca), Karoo lily (Ammocaris coranica) and Devil's of an off-set area.
claw (Harpagophytum procumbens). The only threatened mammal species found is bats.
164 hectares disturbed and Yes. The mine is Sekhukhune Bushman's Tea, Blue Shield Fruit, Marula The BAP is being implemented through the establishment of not yet rehabilitated. The small located within the and Shepherd Trees.
a game conservation park within the property, which is on track increase in disturbed land and fencing of the area has been completed.
reflects the development of Centre for Plant the North Shaft and the newly constructed tailings dam.
No communities were resettled 20 hectares disturbed and not Yes. The smelter is The biodiversity action plan was completed in 2011. Implementation of the BAP is in progress. Contaminated land yet rehabilitated.
within the proposed Implementation of the recommendations from the report assessment as per the requirements of the Waste Act and closure No additional land disturbed Lydenburg Centre is on-going. The progress is measured through external and rehabilitation plan, has been completed and the findings have during 2012. However, following monitoring and auditing.
been incorporated into the biodiversity plan. a detailed contaminated land The monitoring and auditing plan has been completed. The first assessment, an additional round or monitoring was undertaken and the results indicate 122 hectares has been a positive change in the floral biodiversity status.
reclassified as ‘disturbed', An alien and invader management plan has been developed bringing the total disturbed land and implemented.
to 142 hectares.
Planned projects include the development of landscaping No communities were resettled development plans and an erosion status assessment planned for 2013/2014. Focus is also being placed on land management and grazing utilization.
Cato Ridge Works
86 hectares disturbed and not
Yes. The new access Yes.
yet rehabilitated.
road l disturbed A biodiversity study which was undertaken, indicated contaminated land assessment as per the requirements of the The increase in disturbed land is approximately that none of the red data species which could impact to the Ngonigoni grassland would be caused due to due to the new slag dump, dust potentially occur in the Region, actually occur on site. historic and current disturbance by activities such as cattle and slurry facility, new are storage protected Ngonigoni grazing. A memorandum of agreement was signed between area and new access road. grasslands, which is No communities were resettled south and southeast of the operations.
Environment data tables Carbon footprint (tCO e): Scope 1 and 2 on an attributable basis
Total Scope 1 and 2
* Restated to attributable basis. Carbon footprint (tCO e): Scope 1 and 2 on an attributable basis
Machadodorp Works Two Rivers Platinum Mine ARM total
Platinum Division ARM total
* Restated to attributable basis. Sustainability Report 2012
Electricity (kWh) – 100% basis
158 536
113 722
747 393
Machadodorp Works 825 131
312 256
Two Rivers Platinum Mine 182 739
229 211
ARM total
2 658 452
1 933 886
Platinum Division 724 207
ARM total
2 658 452
* Restated for refinements in carbon footprint data. Diesel consumption (000 litres) – 100% basis
Machadodorp Works Two Rivers Platinum Mine ARM total
Platinum Division ARM total
Water Consumption (m3) – 100% basis
Machadodorp Works Two Rivers Platinum Mine ARM total
17 991 948
11 493 006
Platinum Division ARM total
17 991 948
Establish efficiency measures to assist in the management of resources at operational level.
Conduct climate change workshops at the remaining operations to finalise the strategic review process in order to finalise a Group policy.
Continue the process of determining environmental performance objectives and targets at the remaining operations.
Continue to improve the environmental monitoring, evaluation and reporting system aligned with our Group IT systems development plan.
Sustainability Report 2012
New tree planted at Lubambe Copper Mine

Source: http://www.arm.co.za/sd/files/SDR-2012-Environment.pdf

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EDITORE - PUBBLICITÀ - AMMINISTRAZIONE S O M M A R I O Euroedizioni S.r.l.Viale Lombardia 266 - 20047 Brugherio (MI)Tel 039.28708 - Fax 039.8942601e-mail segreteria: segreteria@euroedizioni.eu IL FEDERALISMO FISCALE NEL CONTESTO DELLE AUTONOMIE FINANZIARIEdel Prof. Avv. Domenico Ciavarella . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IX MANOVRA ECONOMICA (D.L. N. 78/2010): LIMITI TEMPORALI

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Im Vorfeld des Biodiversitätsjahres 2010:Naturschutzpolitik braucht klare politische prioritäteN!2010 ist das Internationale Jahr der Biodiversität. Der Mouvement Ecologique möchte im Vorfeld dieses Jahres mit dem vorliegenden Dokument auf eine Reihe von grundsätzlichen Problemen in der Naturschutzpolitik aufmerksam machen, die einer zielgerichteten Politik zur Erhaltung bzw. Wiederherstellung der Biodiversität derzeit zuwider laufen. Hiermit soll auch ein Aufruf an die neuen Minister des Nachhaltigkeitsministeriums gerichtet werden, die Naturschutzpolitik an konkreten Zielen zu orientieren.

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