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UCRETE® – the World's Toughest Floor
4 Slip resistance 6 Temperature resistance 8 Chemical resistance 10 Cleaning and hygiene 12 Antistatic flooring 14 Product selection UCRETE® Industrial Flooring UCRETE® industrial flooring is a Our partnering approach covers Typical UCRETE® applications unique suite of products offering a not only products but also systems range of surface profile and perform- and services. This is your guarantee ance specifications. These systems that you are dealing with a partner have an exceptional resistance to who wants to know and understand Commercial, hospital and prison aggressive chemicals, heavy impact your requirements and who will take kitchens, fast food, airline catering, and thermal shock.
a holistic approach to find a tailor- made solution to meet your needs.
Thousands of satisfied local and multinational clients, in countries on All materials are manufactured to Dairies, bakeries, meat processing, all continents and in all industries independently audited ISO 9001:2000 pickling, sauces, conserves, freezers, over more than 30 years, attest to quality systems.
UCRETE®'s ability to provide long-term, problem-free and therefore, Drinks & beverages
cost-effective, flooring protection Breweries, distil eries, soft drinks, in the most difficult environments. fruit juice, mineral water, bottling and Without doubt, UCRETE® is the floor- ing system of choice for discerning end users, specifiers and contractors Primary and secondary manufacture, research, clean rooms, pilot plants Our competence in the field of floors and floor finishes that are durable and meet high in service demands Tanker reception, process, bunded is based on many years of experi- ence. The expertise we have acquired from many projects around the world supports our continuous investment Plating, vehicle maintenance and all in the research and development of innovative products to meet our clients needs. All our systems are . and all wet process environments applied by trained specialist applica-tors to ensure the long-term perform-ance.
Slip Resistant Flooring for Wet Process Environments In wet process environments the correct surface profile is essential to TRRL pendulum test
provide a safe and efficient working coefficient of friction
using S rubber
UCRETE® industrial flooring offers a - dangerous
range of surface profiles from smooth 5 - marginal
and terrazzo systems to highly tex- 5 - 6 satisfactory
tured defined profile floors.
In wet process areas floors are often laid to fal s to al ow water and liquid spil ages to flow to drain. Free drain-ing floors often necessitate the need Results for wet floor
for steep fal s which will need to have UCRETE® MF
a good profile to be safe. UCRETE® TZ
UCRETE® UD00 0 - 5
Where personnel are pushing bins UCRETE® DP10
and racks, etc. over a floor with com- UCRETE® DP0
plex fal s, the need to try and prevent UCRETE® DP0
the load rol ing downhill can increase the likelihood of strain injuries as well as slips, trips and fal s. General y flat-ter floors are safer.
Slip resistance is a balance
A compromise between ease of cleaning and slip resistance is required. Smoother floors may require more frequent cleaning while rougher floors need more aggressive cleaning. Minimising slips, trips and fal s requires a holistic approach. Engineering solutions or the change of work practises and procedures may be required, as well as looking at the effect of cleaning and footwear.
UCRETE® UD00 R11
The German Standard DIN 51130 measures the volume of space within the texture of a floor (the lower the volume, the smoother the floor) and gives it a ‘V' value from V4 to V10. This space within the surface texture enables the squeeze film to be ejected from between the shoe sole and the floor. DIN 51130 also measures slip resistance directly on a tilt-ing ramp, the angle of the floor at which a man slips is recorded and given an ‘R' value from 10 to 13. R13 being the most slip resistant category when the angle of the floor is over 35°.
Temperature Resistant Flooring The unique UCRETE® heavy duty polyurethane resin systems do not start to soften until temperatures of 130°C are exceeded. Most other resin flooring materials soften at temperatures in the region 50°C – 60°C. Together with the high resilience of UCRETE® floors, this enables them to withstand high temperatures and extreme thermal shock conditions. UCRETE® industrial flooring is able to with-stand routine and regular discharges of boiling water.
It is clear that in extreme thermal shock environments a good quality well designed substrate is required. In particular the potential y large thermal movements of the substrate must be al owed for.
UCRETE® industrial flooring presents a range of floor finishes available in four separate thickness specifications, ranging from 4 mm floors ful y serviceable up to 60°C to mm floor:
12 mm specifications suitable for the most extreme envir- fully resistant to 60°C
onments with occasional spil age up to 150°C.
UCRETE® MF, DP, HPQ (PU & EP)
The increasing thickness protects the bond line from the 6 mm floor:
enormous stresses of an extreme thermal shock event. fully resistant to 0°C and light steam clean
The bond line under a 9 mm UCRETE® floor reaches UCRETE® DP, UD00, HPQ (PU)
70°C within 2 minutes of boiling water impinging upon the 9 mm floor:
fully resistant to 10°C and full steam clean
UCRETE® DP, UD00, TZ
When the volume of liquid spil ed is smal , however, no damage is likely. So, for example, a spilt cup of coffee at 1 mm floor:
90°C will not damage a 4 mm floor, but a 1000 litre dis- fully resistant to 10°C occasional spillage up to
charge at 90°C probably would.
150°C and full steam clean
UCRETE® UD00, TZ
Chemical Resistant Flooring Ammonium hydroxide (Ethylene glycol) Methylated spirits Methylene chloride Methyl ethyl ketone Methyl methacrylate "N, N-dimethyl acetamide" (Sodium chloride) N-methyl pyrollidone Calcium hypochlorite Carbon disulphide Carbon tetrachloride Chloroacetic acid Phenyl sulphuric acid Copper (II) sulphate Potassium hydroxide Decanoic (Capric) acid Diethylene glycol Dimethyl formamide Sodium hypochlorite Toluene sulphonic acid Trichloroacetic acid Hydrochloric acid Hydrofluoric acid Water (distilled) Hydrogen peroxide R = resistant L = limited resistance NR = not resistant UCRETE® industrial flooring UCRETE® industrial floor- has excel ent resistance ing is unaffected by those to a wide spectrum of compounds marked R chemicals including many even after continuous long- organic acids and solvents that will rapidly degrade other types of resin floor- Discolouration may occur ing, including other poly- due to salt deposits, urethane flooring systems.
contaminants in solvents, strong dyes and strong There are very few chem- acids. This does not affect icals which will rapidly the performance of the degrade UCRETE® floor- ing. These are marked with ‘NR' in the table.
Such effects are minimised by good housekeeping. UCRETE® is suitable for Effective cleaning regimes use on floors in wet pro- will enhance the life and cess areas where chemi- appearance of any floor.
cals marked ‘L' in the table are employed provided Chemicals in the food
that there are reasonable industry
standards of housekeep- UCRETE® industrial flooring ing. Care should be taken is resistant to the fol owing where valves and pump commonly encountered seals start to leak. If these food chemicals.
are not addressed, the leakage results in a con- Acetic acid, 50%: As spirit tinuous immersion environ- vinegar widely used in the ment and some surface food industry, indicative erosion can occur.
of resistance to vinegar, animal fats widely encoun- UCRETE® is widely used to line sauces, etc.
drains, bunds and sumps as well Solvents may soften tered in the food industry.
UCRETE® on continuous 30% lactic acid at 60°C: immersion over a couple of Indicative of resistance to Concentrated citric acid: weeks, but UCRETE® will milk and dairy products.
As found in citrus fruits and recover when the solvent representative of the wider is removed and the floor Oleic acid, 100% at 60°C: range of fruit acids which is al owed to dry out. In Representative of the can rapidly degrade other practice most solvents will organic acids formed by resin floors.
evaporate before they do oxidation of vegetable and Cleaning and Hygiene Wherever floors are used, good housekeeping will help keep them looking at their best and help ensure that they provide a safe and attractive working environment. All grades of UCRETE® are dense and impervious through-out their thickness. UCRETE® is essential y inert, it is non-biodegradable and will not support bacterial or fungal growth. UCRETE® industrial flooring is used throughout the food and pharmaceutical industry in environments where the highest standards of hygiene are required.
The very chemical resistant nature of UCRETE® industrial flooring means that no commercial y available clean-ing compounds will damage the floor when used at their normal concentrations. Puddling of cleaning solutions if al owed to evaporate to dryness may lead to deposits on the surface and ‘water marks' which can be hard to remove subsequently. It fol ows that removal of cleaning solutions and adequate rinsing is required to maintain your floor looking its best.
The chosen cleaning chemicals should be appropriate to the environment and the soil to be encountered. As with all cleaning procedures the soiling must be mobilised and then removed from the surface. For best results mechanical cleaning equipment should be used, particularly on larger floors.
Floors in the food industry
Cleaning regimes should be frequent
Independent tests undertaken enough to ensure that a safe work- by Campden and Chorleywood ing environment is maintained at all Food Research Association in the UK demonstrate that UCRETE® UD200, DP20 and Remove debris, do not expect DP30 can be effectively sani- mechanical scrubber-dryer machines tised to a standard comparable to remove large items of food and to stainless steel.
Where required, use proprietary degreasing agents/detergents. High temperatures in excess of 50°C and mechanical action greatly improve the mobilisation of fats.
Degreasing agents require time to work, when using scrubber-dryers it is beneficial to apply the cleaning solution to the floor with the vacuum turned off and after a few minutes return to the area to scrub and remove the cleaning solutions.
Mechanical action helps shift dirt.
Cleaning solution and soil must be removed from the floor, otherwise a layer of soil and detergent may build up making the floor slippery and reducing the appearance.
Effective rinsing is required for best results.
Antistatic Flooring UCRETE® industrial flooring is widely Similarly, wherever fine organic pow- used in many areas where solvents ders are handled or generated during are stored and handled because of processing, these too can form pow- the excel ent resistance to a wide der/air mixtures with the potential for range of very aggressive solvents. a dust explosion if ignited.
Wherever solvents are used, whether in processes or for cleaning, there is UCRETE® antistatic floors provide a potential risk of explosive vapour/ the chemical and solvent resistance air mixtures forming. An electrostatic required of a floor in process areas discharge can provide sufficient together with the static conductive energy to ignite such a mixture, often properties required for the control of resulting in an explosion.
undesirable static electricity.
UCRETE® MF AS Rg < 106 A
UCRETE® MF AS Rg < 109 A
UCRETE® DP0 AS Rg < 106 A
UCRETE® TZ AS Rg < 109 A
UCRETE® TZ AS Rg < 106 A
An antistatic floor can only play a Earth linkages connect the antistatic part in the elimination of undesirable floor to earth and facilitate the dis- static discharge and must be seen as sipation of electrical charge. an integral part of a total strategy. For It is good practice to ensure that example the design and earthing of there are two earth linkages, at oppo- plant and equipment, the use of bar- site corners of the room, to ensure rel clamps as well as correct footwear that even if one is damaged, the and clothing. For further guidance the Charging by induction: whole floor will still conform to the British Standard BS5958 ‘The code No contact required original specification. of practice for control of undesirable The earthing cable must be provided static electricity' refers. by the site or project electrician. It is connected to the floor during instal a-tion using a crow's foot linkage.
Undesirable static electricity:
• leads to unwanted accumulation of dust
• can cause discomfort
• can damage electronic equipment
• can ignite solvent/air or air/powder mixtures
UCRETE® antistatic floors work by Triboelectricity occurs when a person is walking on a floor dissipating static electricity to earth. Laboratory tests by B.E.STAT In order to prevent personnel working on a wide range of different in the area from becoming charged types of resin antistatic floor through induction or triboelectrical y, finishes showed that the poten- personnel must be in electrical con- tial generated on a man walking tact with the floor, which requires the across a UCRETE® MF AS floor wearing of antistatic footwear.
was significantly lower than on other floor systems. Since the best defence against static discharge is to prevent static electricity being generated in the first place this makes UCRETE® industrial flooring the safest option for your floors.
Product Selection UCRETE® industrial flooring expected to impinge upon The choice of smooth or textured floors in process areas is a range of robust floor the floor, then thicker sys- is not always clear-cut. For example the two statements, finishes produced using tems should be preferred.
the unique UCRETE® heavy I have occasional spil age here, therefore I need a tex- duty polyurethane resin The choice of floor finish is tured floor to avoid slip incidents binder system. Correctly then one of aesthetics and specified, UCRETE® will surface profile. The most I have occasional spil age here, therefore I need a give many years of service appropriate surface texture smooth floor so I can clean the spil age up quickly and even in very aggressive for any particular applica- industrial and process tion will depend upon the nature of any spil age to can both be correct. be encountered, the type All grades of UCRETE® of work undertaken in the If spil age is too frequent, it may be impractical to clean have essential y the same area and the standards of them up immediately, so a smooth floor would be slippery.
chemical resistance housekeeping and cleaning characteristics as shown to be maintained.
If the spil age is noxious, it may be a requirement that it in the chemical resistance is removed so it is always dealt with immediately and the tables. Apart from very question of slip hazard does not arise.
aggressive environments Construction Chemicals such as drains, bunds and office will be pleased to sumps in the chemical industry for example, the nature of the chemicals to be encountered has no bearing on the choice of which UCRETE® grade is to be used.
The first requirement to be assessed when select-ing your UCRETE® floor is the in-service temperature requirements, see page 6. This determines the thick-ness of the floor required which may limit the number of appropriate finishes.
In areas where heavy mechanical impact is UCRETE® MF
- 6 mm smooth
UCRETE® MF AS - 6 mm smooth, antistatic
- 6 mm coloured quartz
- 9 mm light texture
- 9 mm medium texture
UCRETE® DP0 AS 6 mm medium texture, antistatic
- 9 mm heavy texture
UCRETE® UD00 6 - 1 mm light texture
9 - 1 mm terrazzo
UCRETE® TZ AS 9 - 1 mm terrazzo, antistatic
UCRETE® industrial flooring offers a range of surface textures, from smooth to highly textured slip resistant floors and surface appearance including monocoloured, terrazzo and coloured quartz finishes at thicknesses from 4 to 12 mm al owing you to tailor the floor to meet your specific project needs and so achieve the most cost-effective flooring solution.
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