Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology Copyright 2002 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 2002, Vol. 10, No. 3, 162–183 Applying Laboratory Research: Drug Anticipation and the Treatment of Drug Addiction Shepard Siegel and Barbara M. C. Ramos McMaster University Basic research concerning drug tolerance and withdrawal may inform clinical practice, andvice versa. Three areas that integrate the work of the laboratory and the clinic are discussed:(a) drug overdose, (b) cue exposure treatment of addiction, and (c) pharmacological treatmentof withdrawal symptoms. The areas are related in that they indicate the contribution ofdrug-paired cues to the effects of addictive drugs and the role of Pavlovian conditioning ofdrug effects in drug tolerance and withdrawal symptoms.
Eaton.bz16 COM2 (RS-485) Communication Start: D1214（K512） End: D1215（K895） 17 DC Power input 18 2 pin removable terminal (standard D0 D199 D200 D999 Factory setting is 19 Power input cable (standard Factory setting is latched. Some are latched and can't Non-latched (fixed) Start: D1216 (K200) Start: D1218 (K2,000) 20 Battery cover End: D1217 (K999) End: D1219 (K4,999) 21 Battery socket connection K0 K1,599, Latched (fixed) 22 Battery mount Instruction Sheet When switching between power On/Off or ELC RUN/STOP modes: FUNCTION SPECIFICATIONS
Logic Controller with Built-in Analog M1033=Off, clear Stored program, cyclic scan system Non-latched Clear I/O Processing Method Batch processing method (when END command is executed) I/O refresh command is available M1033=On, unchanged Application Commands Latched Unchanged Basic commands (several us) (10 hundreds us) Special M, Special D, Unchanged Unchanged Program Language Commands + Ladder Logic + SFC Including the Step commands Program Capacity 32 Basic sequential commands (including STL/RET) 168 Application commands This Instruction Sheet only provides descriptions for electrical specifications, general specifications, X External Input Relay X0 X177, octal number system, 128 points BUILT-IN ANALOG I/O AND 7-SEGMENT DISPLAY
installation & wiring, troubleshooting and peripherals. Other detail infromation about programming and Correspond to external I/O points Y External Output Relay Y0 Y177, octal number system, 128 points commands is compatible with ELC-PC/PA/PH series; please see ELC Application Manual. For more M0 M511, 512 points (*1) Built-in 2-CH 12-bit A/D and 2-CH 12-bit D/A are bipolar. It can read A/D converted digital value and get designated M512 M999, 488 points (*3) Contacts can switch to On/Off in information about the optional peripherals , please see individual product manual. M2000 M4095, 2,096 points (*3) analog output by reading special D or writing into special D. M1000 M1999, 1,000 points (some are latched) This is an OPEN TYPE Controller. The ELC should be kept in an enclosure away from airborne dust, humidity, T0 T199, 200 points (*1) This built-in display corresponds to special D directly. User can use it to display error code or station when electric shock risk and vibration. Also, it is equipped with protective methods such as some special tools or T192 T199 for Subroutine When the timer that set by TMR executing ELC LINK. It is great convenience for system maintenance. Refer following table for corresponding T250 T255, 6 points Accumulative (*4) Total 256 command reaches the preset keys to open the enclosure, so as to avoid the hazard to users and the damage to the ELC. T200 T239, 40 points (*2) value, the T contact with the same T240 T245, 6 points Accumulative (*4) number will be On. Never connect the AC main circuit power supply to any of the input/output terminals, as it will damage the Built-in Display T246 T249, 4 points Accumulative (*4) ELC. Check all the wiring prior to power up. To avoid any electromagnetic noise, make sure the ELC is C0 C95, 96 points (*1) Present value of AD channel 0 (CH0) C96 C199, 104 points (*3) properly grounded . Do NOT touch terminals when power on. When the counter that set by CNT Present value of AD channel 1 (CH1) C200 C215, 16 points (*1) Total 250 (DCNT) command reaches the Average value of AD channel 0 (CH0) C216 C234, 19 points (*3) Battery replacement: use UL component type: TDRTL-2150/S lithium battery. Refer to following table for preset value, the C contact with C235 C242, 1 phase 1 input, 9 points (*3) Average value of AD channel 1 (CH1) 32bit High-speed the same number will be On. battery life. (NOTE: RTC should be reset after changing battery). C246 C249, 1 phase 2 inputs, 3 points (*3) DA channel 0 (CH0) C251 C254, 2 phase 2 inputs, 3 points (*3) 7-segment display DA channel 1 (CH1) Temperature((°C) Initial Step Point S0 S9, 10 points (*1) Usage device of step ladder Conversion sampling time (ms) Zero Point Reset S10 S19, 10 points (use with IST command) (*1) S20 S511, 492 points (*1) S512 S895, 384 points (*3) Start: D1214 (K512) Precision of calendar timer: S896 S1023, 124 points (*3) End: D1215 (K895) Number system setting for display (Off: Decimal, On: Hexadecimal) When the timer reaches the preset At 0°C/32°F, less than –117 seconds error per month. T Current Value of the Timer T0 T255, 256 points value, the contact of timer will be The decimal point setting between the middle and the right-most numbers The decimal point setting after the right-most number °C/77°F, less than 52 seconds error per month. C0 C199, 16-bit counter, 200 points When the counter reaches the At 55°C/131°F, less than –132 seconds error per month. Current Value of the preset value, the contact of C200 C254, 32-bit counter, 50 points counter will be On. Warning – Do not disconnect while circuit is live unless area is known to be non-hazardous. D0 D199, 200 points (*1) ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Can be memory area for storing D200 D999, 800 points (*3) Power, input and output (I/O) wiring must be in accordance with Class 1, Div. 2 wiring methods - Article data. E and F can be used as the D2000 D4999, 3,000 points (*3) special purpose of index 501-10(B)(1) of the National Electrical Code. Special D1000 D1999, E0 E3, F0 F3, 8 points (*1) ELC: 24VDC (-15% +20%) (With DC input reverse polarity protection), Suitable for use in Class 1, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, D or Non-Hazardous locations only. Power supply voltage one File Register 0 1,599 (1,600 points) (*4) Extension register for storing data.
Extension Unit: supplied by the ELC Warning – Explosion hazard - Substitution of components may impair suitability for Class 1, Division 2. For Master Control Nested Control point of master control Power Consumption Warning – Explosion hazard - Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been switched off or the area is P For CJ, CALL Commands P0 P255, 256 points The location point of CJ, CALL. Insulation Resistance > 5 MΩ at 500 VDC (Between all inputs / outputs and earth) known to be Non-Hazardous. I001 (X0), I101 (X1), I201 (X2), I301 (X3), I401 (X4), I501 ESD: 8KV Air Discharge External Interrupt (X5); 6 points (all are rising-edge trigger) The location pointer of interrupt EFT: Power Line: 2KV, Digital I/O: 1KV, Analog & Communication I/O: 250V I6□□ (1ms), I7□□ (1ms), (□□＝1 99ms) RS: 26MHz 1GHz, 10V/m Hi-speed Counter I010, I020, I030, I040, I050, I060; 6 points 1.1 Model Name Explanation and Peripherals
The diameter of grounding wire cannot be smaller than the wire diameter of terminals 24V and 0V Communication I150, (All ELC units should be grounded directly to the ground pole). Thank you for choosing Eaton Logic Controller (ELC) series products. The ELC-PA series is a 10-point (4DI+2DO+ K-32,768 K32,767 (16-bit operation) Operation: 0℃ 55℃ (Temperature), 50 95% (Humidity), Pollution degree 2; K-2,147,483,648 K2,147,483,647 (32-bit operation) 2AI+2AO) controller unit. ELC-PA uses the same commands and functions as ELC-PA series, 2-CH 12-bit analog D/A output operation: 0℃ 50℃ (Temperature), oC H Hexadecimal H0000 HFFFF (16-bit operation), H00000000 HFFFFFFFF (32-bit operation) Storage: -25℃ 70℃ (Temperature), 5 95% (Humidity) voltage/current input and 2-CH 12-bit analog voltage/current output are all bipolar. There is also built-in, 2-digit Programming Port COM1: RS-232, COM2: RS-485 (Master/Slave), They can be used at the same time. 7-segment display corresponds to internal register directly to display ELC station or user-defined code. Analog Volume / RTC ELC built-in bipolar 2-CH A/D, D/A, 12 bits, 2-digital 7-segment display, built-in RTC Agency Approvals UL1604, Class1,Div2 Operating temperature code: T5 Special Extension Module Use the same modules of ELC series. (Max. 8 Extension Unit points) European community EMC Directive 89/336/EEC and Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC 1.2 Product Profile and Outline
*1: The non-latched area is fixed, and can't be changed. Vibration / Shock Resistance Standard: IEC61131-2, IEC 68-2-6 (TEST Fc) / IEC61131-2 & IEC 68-2-27 (TEST Ea) Weight (approx.) (g) 1 Status indicator: POWER, RUN, ERROR, BAT.LOW, AD, ALARM *2: The non-latched area can be changed to a latched area with parameter setting. *3: The latched area can be changed to a non-latched area with parameter setting. 2 RUN/STOP switch DC Input Point Electrical Specification 3 2-digital 7-segment display *4: The latched area is fixed, and can't be changed. DC (SINK or SOURCE) 4 Digital I/O terminal X0,X1: above18.5VDC M0 M511 M512 M999 X0 X3: below 8VDC Latched (default) Latched (default) X2,X3: above16.5VDC 6 Analog I/O terminals Some are latched and can't be Non-latched (fixed) Start: D1200 (K512) Start: D1202 (K2,000) About 10ms (An adjustment range of 0 20ms could be selected through D1020 and D1021) 7 I/O point indicators End: D1201 (K999) End: D1203 (K4,095) 8 COM1 (RS-232) (Rx) indicator Output Point Electrical Specification 9 COM2 (RS-485) (Tx) indicator Non-latched (fixed) Non-latched (fixed) Accumulative Latched (fixed) 10 COM1 (RS-232) programming port 32-bit count up/down 32-bit high-speed count up/down 0.3A/1 point @ 40℃; When the output of Y0 and Y1 is high-speed pulse, Y0 Current Specification 1.5A/1 point (5A/COM) C216 C234 C235 C245 Latched (default) Latched (default) Latched (default) Voltage Specification Below 250VAC, 30VDC Warning: Battery replacement: Please change the battery within 3 12 Extension port Start: D1208 (K96) Start: D1210 (K216) Start: D1212 (K235) 75VA (Inductive) End: D1209 (K199) End: D1211 (K234) End: D1213 (K255) When the output of Y0 and Y1 is high-speed pulse, Y0 and minutes, or the internal data of the ELC (including the program area, 13 Mounting hold of the extension unit Special register Y1 = 0.9W (Y0 = 32kHz, Y1 = 10kHz), Y0 can be 50KHz 14 DIN rail (35mm) 90 W (Resistive) perpetual calendar and latched registers) could be lost or destroyed. using D registers. 15 Extension unit clip It is fixed to be non-latched Factory setting is latched It is fixed to be latched Adjustable 0-20ms, default Off→On 20us Y0 and Y1 are specified points for high-speed pulse Note 1: Please isolate analog input and other power wiring.
Note 2: If input signal is in current, please short out MODEL NAME & I/O CONFIGURATION
between V+ and I+ terminals. Analog/ Digital (A/D) Digital/Analog (D/A) Module Note 3: If the noise interference from loaded input wiring terminal is significant, please connect a capacitor Analog Output Range with 0.1 0.47μF 25V for noise filtering. Digital Data Range 12 bits (1LSB=5 mV) 11 bits (1LSB=20 μA) 12 bits (1LSB=5 mV) 12 bits (1LSB=10 μA) ELC-PA10AADR 24VDC 2 2 Relay -20 20mA range (-1,000 +1,000) (range:-2,000 +2,000) 200 KΩ and above Note 4: Please isolate analog output and other power Output Impedance range (-2,000 +2,000) Resistor (range:-2,000 Carried Impedance AC drive, recorder, Note 5: If the noise interference from loaded input wiring shielding cable *1 scale valve.
Overall Accuracy ±1% of full scale during 0 55℃ (32 131℉) INSTALLATION & WIRING
terminal is significant, please connect a capacitor 10ms × channels with 0.1 0.47μF 25V for noise filtering. 6.1 Installation of the DIN rail
Absolution Input Range AC drive, recorder, shielding cable *4 Note 6: Please connect power module terminal and scale valve.
Digital Data Format 2's complement of 16-bit, (11 Significant Bits) The ELC can be secured to a cabinet by using the DIN rail that is 35mm high with a depth of 7.5mm. When analog output module terminal to system earth Average Function mounting the ELC on the DIN rail, be sure to use the end bracket to stop any side-to-side motion of the ELC, thus point and make system earth point be grounded or Isolation Method There is no isolation between digital and analog circuitry. to reduce the chance of the wires being pulled loose. At the bottom of the ELC is a small retaining clip. To secure connects to machine cover. Self diagnostic function Self class 3 grounding Upper bound and lower bound detection per channel the ELC to the DIN rail, place it onto the rail and gently push up the clip. Warning: DO NOT wire to the No function terminal Voltage output has short circuit protection but short circuit for a long time may cause inner wiring 6.5 Output Point Wiring
To remove it, pull down the retaining clip and gently pull the ELC damage and current output break. 1. ELC-PA series have two output modules, relay and transistor. See away from the DIN rail. As shown on the right: "Function Specifications" for their specifications. When installing the ELC, make sure that it is installed in an 2. Please watch out the connection of common terminals whilewire the outputs. For example, when wiring ELC-PA10NNDR/T, output enclosure with sufficient space (as shown on the right) to its Judge the errors by the indicators on the front panel. When errors occurred on ELC, please check: terminal Y0 Y1 use one common terminal C0, as shown below: surroundings so as to allow heat dissipation. There is a "POWER" LED at the front of the ELC. When the ELC is powered On, the green LED light will be on. 6.2 Wiring
If the indicator is not on when the ELC is powered up and with the input power being normal, it is an indication 1. Please use 22-16AWG (1.5mm) wiring (either single or multiple core) for < 0.5A
that the ELC is out of order. Please have this machine replaced or have it repaired at a dealer near you. When output points are enabled, their corresponding indicators on I/O wiring terminals. The specification for the terminals is as shown on the the front panel will be on. ☼ ELC "RUN" LED left. ELC terminal screws should be tightened to 1.95 kg-cm (1.7 lb-in). TRANSISTOR OUTPUT 3. Isolation circuit: The optical coupler is used to isolate signals Identify the status of the ELC. When the ELC is in operation, this light will be on, and users could thus use Use Copper Conductor Only, 60/75 °C. between the circuit inside ELC and input modules. ELC-HHP or the editing program of the ladder diagram to give commands to make the ELC "RUN" or "STOP". 2. I/O signal wires or power supply should not run through the same TRIAL RUN
multi-wire cable or conduit. 3. DO NOT store the ELC in an atmosphere that is dusty, smoky, with If incorrect programs are input to the ELC, or that the commands and the components exceed the allowable metallic debris or high temperature or high humidity. Prior to applying power, please verify that the power lines and the input/output wiring are correct. And be range, the indicator will blink. At this moment, the user should check both the error codes saved in the ELC data 4. DO NOT install the ELC on a shelf or on an unstable surface. advised not to supply AC110V or AC220V into the I/O terminals, or it might short-circuit the wiring and register D1004. The address that the error occurs will be stored in data register D1137 (the address saved in would cause direct damage to the ELC. D1137 is invalid in case of common loop error). 6.3 Power Input Wiring
After using the peripheral devices to write the program into the ELC and that the ERROR LED of the ELC When the ERROR LED is on (not blinking), users should make a judgment from the special relay M1008 of the 1. When DC voltage is supplied to the ELC, make sure the power is at terminals 24VDC and 0V (power range is not on, it means that the program in use is legitimate, and it is now waiting for the user to give the RUN ELC. If it is On, it indicates that the execution time of the program loop has exceeded the time-out setting (set by is 20.4VDC 28.8VDC). When voltage is lower than 20.4VDC, ELC will stop operating, all outputs will turn D1000). Please turn the ELC RUN/STOP switch to STOP, and find out the address of the time-out program by OFF and the ERROR LED will flash continuously. Use ELC-HHP to execute the forced On/Off test of the output contact. special data register D1008. "WDT" command can be used to solve the problem. 2. If the power-cut time is less than 10ms, the ELC still operates unaffectedly. If the power-cut time is too long Operation & Test ☼ "BAT.LOW" LED or the power voltage drops, the ELC will stop operating and all the outputs will be Off. Once the power is If the "ERROR" LED of the ELC is not blinking, use RUN/STOP switch or the peripheral devices (ELC-HHP or restored, the ELC will return to operate automatically. (There are latched auxiliary relays and registers inside ELCSoft) to give the RUN command, and the RUN indicator will then be on. If the "RUN" LED is not on, it indicates When the battery voltage is low, the "BAT.LOW" LED will be on, and the battery should be replaced as soon as of the ELC, please be aware when programming.) that there is no program inside the ELC. possible; otherwise the user program and the data in latched area will be lost. (On the unplugged ELC, please ELC-HHP could be utilized to monitor the settings and the registered values of the timer (T), the counter (C) and the change the battery within 3 minutes to retain the ELC's internal user programs and data). data register (D) during operation, and moreover, to force the output contacts to conduct the On/Off action. If the ERROR LED is on (but not blinking), it means that the setting of the user's program has exceeded the preset The On/Off signals of the input point could be displayed through the "Input" LED, or the status of the input point overtime limit, thus users have to double check the program and perform the On/Off function again. (The ELC is at could be monitored through the device monitoring function of ELC-HHP. this moment back to STOP automatically) ☼ "Output" LED ELC Input/Output Reaction Time Output LED indicates if the output signals are On or Off. Please check the following items when the LED On/Off The total reaction time from the input signal to the output operation is calculated as follows: Reaction Time = input delay time + program scan time + output delay time indication does not correspond to the commands: 1. Output contacts may be melted and stuck together due to a 6.4 Input Point Wiring
short circuit or current overload. 2. Check wiring and verify that the screws are tight. 10ms (factory default), 0 20ms adjustable. Refer to the usage of special There are two types of DC type wiring: SINK and SOURCE, defined as follows: Input delay time registers D1020 1021. Program scan time Please refer to the usage of special register D1010. A D LED indicator. A D LED will blink if PA MPU is RUN. Output delay time Relay module: 10ms. Transistor module: 20 30us. Basic Commands and Application Commands of the ELC: "ALARM" LED will blink if AD/DA conversion data exceeds usage range when PA MPU is RUN. The basic commands and the application commands of the ELC of this series are totally applicable to the ☼ "RS-232, RS-485" LED ELC. Refer to the ELC Technique Application Manual for relevant basic commands and application "RS-232" LED will light when RS-232 is receiving data, "RS-485" LED will light when RS-485 is transferring The ELC-HHP handheld programming panel and the ELCSoft (Windows version) editing program of the DC Power Supply
DC Power Supply
ladder diagram are both good for use with the ELC. Also, the ELC could connect with the ELC-PA10AADR/T through specific transmission wire to execute the program transmission, the ELC control and the program monitoring.
4th Annual Meeting of DANISH WATER RESEARCH PLATFORM DWRP ER IDENTISK MED FORSKNINGSPLATFORMEN VAND Abstracts proceedings of the 4th Annual Meeting of The Danish Water Research Platform (DWRP) – Forskningsplatformen Vand Date: 28 – 29 January, 2010 Venue: The geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Øster Voldgade 10, 1350 Copenhagen K. Contents